Way We Were Database

The Way We Were is a weekly article published in the Park Record written by Museum staff, volunteers, and interns. Articles date back as early as the 1980s and have proven to be a valuable research tool. The images in the Way We Were articles are copyrighted by the Park City Museum (unless otherwise noted and used by permission). If you would like more information, or should you wish to use an image, please contact Research Coordinator Dalton Gackle at research@parkcityhistory.org.

Article Title Article Author Description Subject
Looking back at Park City one hundred years ago Mahala Ruddell 1918 was a rocky year for Park City and the world. Dozens of young Parkites were serving overseas in World War I, the flu affected hundreds. Park City High School graduating class included Roger Traynor, and two pioneer Parkites died – mining magnate David Keith and longtime priest Father Galligan. Park City High School, Roger Traynor, World War I, WWI, war, soldiers, Klyde Peterson, Father Galligan, David Keith, Fourth of July, 4th of July, Independence day, armistice day, influenza, Spanish flu, 1918
John Whitta, Musician Diane Knispel John Whitta was an Australian immigrant who arrived in Park City around 1901. He worked in the mines but was forced to retire young on account of poor health. He founded a number of bands and orchestras and taught private music lessons, eventually becoming known as Professor Whitta.  John Whitta, Park City Independent Band, Park City Juvenile Band, Park Cit Military Band, orchestra, band, Jefferson School, 1901-1915, music, musician, teacher, miner’s consumption, silicosis, concert, mining, health
John the Revelator worked for thirty years Robin Filion  After Silas Reed died in 1886, his mine claims were caught up in litigation. Walter Scott bought the Reed Group in 1901. Though his John the Revelator claims were not worked in his lifetime, in 1911, two years after his death, his wife and his business partner leased the claim to Samuel Hair, who developed the mine and made small shipments. John the Revelator, mine, mining, Snake Creek Canyon, Pioneer Ridge, Reed Group, Silas Reed, Utah Mining & Machinery Company, J.E. Gallegher, Allisa Scott, Anchor Mine, 1901, 1909, 1911, 1912, 1945, Paul Gorlinski
John the Revelator Robin Filion The john the Revelator mine, located in Snake Creek Canyon, was first worked by Fred Hayt. Silas Reed, however, filed suit against Hayt and staked the claim in 1885. Reed was a doctor and land surveyor originally from the Midwest with mining interests throughout the West. He died in 1886.  John the Revelator, mine, mining, Snake Creek Canyon, Pioneer Ridge, Silas Reed, Doctor Silas Reed, land surveyor, surveying, 1885, 1886, President Tyler, John Fremont, Fred Hayt
Before it was a skiing area, Jupiter was a mine Sandy Melville Long before there was a Jupiter chairlift, there was a Jupiter Mine. The only signs of the substantial mining activity that remain today are a waste rock pile and an ore bin. Jupiter Mine, Park City Mountain, mining, David Street, Charles Street, Oscar Lawrence, 1880s, 1890s, 1900s, preservation
Miners’ Battle Steve Leatham Nothing captures the fascination of a small town like the local high school football team playing for a state championship late in November 1941. The Park City High School Miners battled the Bingham High School Miners in the Utah Class B State Championship, played in Salt Lake City on November 21, 1941. Park City lost – it was their only loss for the whole season. football, high school, sports, 1941, November 1941, Pop Jenks, Park City High School, football team, Salt Lake City, Bingham, Bingham High School, state championship
News from the front Mahala Ruddell It is impossible to understate the importance of correspondence to and from soldiers and their loved ones during World War I. Letters from home reminded soldiers they were loved, missed, and needed back home at war’s end. Letters from their “soldier boys” assured family members their sons, sweethearts, brothers, and fathers were still alive.  World War I, WWI, the Great War, home front, trenches, soldiers, civilians, Bud Horan, Donald Alexander, army, navy, France, Europe, war, 1917, 1918, 1919, newspaper, Park Record
Once Upon a Midnight Clear Margaret Hilliard In the winter of 1990-1991, White Pine Canyon and the old to-be-demolished Park City High School were chosen as filming locations for “A Midnight Clear,” a film written and directed by Keith Gordon.  White Pine Canyon, Park City High School, Park City Library, “A Midnight Clear,” Keith Gordon, Ethan Hawke, Gary Sinise, Peter Berg, Arye Gross, Frank Whaley, John C. McGinley, WWII, movie, filming, film crew, cast, France, Germany, 1990, 1991
The cable broke David Nicholas
Steve Leatham
Though the Silver King Aerial Tramway was built to exacting standards, an accident occurred on September 23, 1907, six years after it began operation. A cable had frayed and broke, tearing down ore buckets and towers. The tramway was repaired and back up and running in just five days. Silver King Consolidated Mine Company, Silver King Coalition Mines Company, aerial tramway, accident, damage, Gary Kimball, Woodside Avenue, 1907
From the perspective of Tower 39 David Nicholas
Steve Leatham
The Silver King Aerial Tramway was built in 1901 to carry ore to and from the Silver King mine. The tramway shut down and the ore buckets and steel rope were removed decades ago, but the towers still stand as a testament to times past.  Silver King Consolidated Mine Company, Silver King Coalition Mines Company, aerial tramway, David Keith, John Breckenridge Fleming, Thomas Kearns, Treasure Hill, politics, bond, conservation easement, open space
North Park central to Park City’s story Sally Elliott Once considered “North Park” or the outskirts of Park City, the land near the mouth of Thaynes Canyon has a rich history. It was developed into a milk ranch by the Sullivan family, who owned and worked the land for decades before selling to Andrew Hurley, who later sold to Herbert Snow. It stayed in the Snow family (passed down to his daughter Heloise Armstrong) for many years. Armstrong barn, farm, homestead, ranch, Sullivan Ranch, Andrew Hurley, PJ Sullivan, Elizabeth Sullivan, Herbert Snow, Heloise Snow, William Armstrong, Jobe, Jobe Ranch, dairy, cows, Thaynes Canyon, open space, North Park
A Parkite’s letter takes a long journey Mahala Ruddell Hyrum Weisburg, originally from central Europe, sent his family a letter in 1914. Because the family lived in an area of Europe affected by World War I, the letter took a circuitous route and never reached its intended recipients. Four follow-up letters faced the same fate. All letters arrived back in Park City in October 1919. He heard later that his family was safe. Hyrum Weisburg, Rose Weisburg, World War I (WWI), 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, Golden Eagle Clothing Store, Main Street, citizenship, naturalization, Morris Wolf, Europe, Jewish Americans, Jewish history, mail, letters
Pitch ’em and have some fun! Courtney Titus “Pitch ‘Em” is a game of indoor horseshoes sold by the Wolverine game and toy company beginning in 1903. It was designed to be played by kids and adults of all ages, both indoors and outdoors. The Museum has a copy of “Pitch ‘Em” in its permanent collection once owned by the Martin family. Lawrence and Edith Martin had two daughters, Florence and Mary, and the game shows signs of use, indicating it was well-loved. board games, games, toys, horseshoes, Pitch ‘Em, Wolverine Supply & Manufacturing Company, Boys’ Life Magazine, childhood, children, playgrounds, recreation, Lawrence Martin, Edith Martin, Florence Martin, Mary Martin, Rossi Hill
Two “Pedestriennes” Visit Park City Chelsea Banks On July 18, 1896, Helga and Clara Estby stopped in Park City on a cross-country walking trip from Spokane to New York City. The mother and daughter duo were hoping to win a wager that they would accomplish the feat in seven months. While in Park City, they toured the Ontario Mine and bought food from local farmers. Helga Estby, Clara Estby, Spokane, Washington, New York City, 1896, Victorian era, Women’s Christian Temperance Union, Echo Canyon, Evanston, Wyoming, Salt Lake City, Ontario Mine, women, women’s history
Accidents, Misdiagnoses, Untimely Deaths in Early Park City Christie Dilloway When Rebecca Simmons’ husband moved to Park City from Cornwall in the 1890s, she planned to follow with their young son and settle together. But Samuel’s tragic death in a mining accident drastically changed those plans, and she moved to Park City as a widow instead. When a medical condition prompted a misdiagnosis of “insanity” a short time later, she met her own tragic death in the territorial asylum. Rebecca Simmons, Samuel Simmons, John Simmons, Anchor Mine, mining accidents, death, Cornwall, Brazil, 1880s, 1890s, Territorial Insane Asylum, medicine, polio, Glenwood Cemetery
Ellen Sloan Mawhinney at rest in the Glenwood Cemetery Barbara Bretz Ellen Mawhinney, her husband Robert, and their children were some of the earliest families in Park City. Their lives were marred by tragedy – Robert, a miner, lost fingers in an accident; five of their eleven children died; their home was destroyed by the Great Fire of 1898. But they persevered. Glenwood Cemetery, Ellen Sloan Mawhinney, Ellen Mawhinney, Robert Mawhinney, Bob Mawhinney, Odd Fellows, Agnes Mawhinney, John Mawhinney, Mary Mawhinney, Robert Mawhinny Jr., Rachael Mawhinney, Great Fire, 1876, 1880, 1888, 1889, 1891, 1898, Heber Avenue, Main Street
Glenwood Cemetery holds many tragic stories Diane Knispel Jennie Hover, troubled by infertility and suffering major depression, administered herself poison and died in August 1892. She was buried in the Glenwood Cemetery, but without a formal headstone. Jennie Hover, Dr. Brown, suicide, death, Glenwood Cemetery, mental health, infertility, 1892, August 1892
Glenwood Cemetery remains unforgettable Stephen Leonard The Glenwood Cemetery was established in 1885 by the fraternal organizations of Park City. Orders such as the Masons, the Odd Fellows, and the Knights of Pythias pooled their money to purchase the land (more of which was later donated). Plots were only sold to members of such organizations and today, only descendants of these plot owners are eligible for burial. Glenwood Cemetery, fraternal organization, fraternal order, Masons, Free and Accepted Masons, Independent Order of Odd Fells (IOOF), Knights of Pythias, Edmund Thiriot, 1885, cemetery, death, historic preservation
Wild birds, coyotes, and bears, oh my! Chelsea Banks Before too many laws were on the books regarding pet ownership, many people kept wild animals as household pets, to varying degrees of disaster. George Wanning, Park City saloon owner, had a pet bear cub for a short time. There was also a pet coyote at the Silver King mine. Silver King Coalition Mines, George Wanning, Salt Lake City, Rio Grande Western Depot (Salt Lake), Louis Hobein, Otto Heller, Fort Douglas, Ogden, 1890s, 1930s, 1940s, bear, coyote, wild animals, pets
Park City’s First Playground Courtney Titus An international movement for public playgrounds became widespread in the 1880s. Park City first called for a playground in 1910 but it wasn’t until 1925 that money was raised and a site was chosen. The first playground was just east of Main Street, on what is today Swede Alley. Playground, Victorian era, outdoor exercise, outdoor education, Parent Teacher Association, Woman’s Athenaeum, American Legion, Elks Hall, Park Utah Consolidated Mining Company, Silver Creek, China Town, Giant Slide, Giant Stride, Park City Fire Department, Kiwanis, Pop Jenks, children, childhood, play, recreation
Parkites treated to a rare show of the northern lights Mahala Ruddell Though rare, the northern lights (aurora borealis) are sometimes visible at lower latitudes and outside of the Arctic circle or extreme north. These anomalies are caused by sun flares. On August 8, 1917 Parkites were treated to a showing of the lights which manifested as an eerie red glow on the poleward horizon. Aurora borealis, northern lights, science, environment, 1917, August, Judge Smelter, Deer Valley, Salt Lake Tribune, Broadwater Mill, fire, George Robins, telephone
Park City mining men in far-off lands Mahala Ruddell While William M. Ferry, James Kescel and their fellow travelers spent time in Peru surveying mining land on behalf of DC investors, they wrote letters home detailing their experiences and the landscape. Their letters were published in local newspapers and Parkites eagerly read their tales. Colonel William M. Ferry, James Kescel, Edward Ferry, David McLaughlin, Jeanette Ferry, Quincy Mine, Anchor Mine, Daly West Mine, Daly Mine, mining, Utah, Washington, D.C., New York City, Mexico, Panama, Peru, South America, Central America, travel, explorers, exploration, geology, Salt Lake City, San Francisco, Pacific Ocean, Panama Canal
A Peruvian Expedition Mahala Ruddell On October 24, 1888, mining men William M. Ferry, James Kescel, and several others left Park City bound ultimately for Peru. They traveled to South America on business and wrote detailed letters home. Part I of II. Colonel William M. Ferry, James Kescel, Edward Ferry, David McLaughlin, Jeanette Ferry, Quincy Mine, Anchor Mine, Daly West Mine, Daly Mine, mining, Utah, Washington, D.C., New York City, Mexico, Panama, Peru, South America, Central America, travel, explorers, exploration, geology, Salt Lake City, San Francisco, Pacific Ocean, Panama Canal
Disaster could have been worse David Nicholas The crew and station agent responded to the runaway train immediately, but a downhill gradient caused the train to quickly gain speed. It passed through several unprotected crossings before derailing on the northern end of town at the city dump. No one was hurt. Part III of III. Fay Dearden, Donna Dearden, Marian Dearden, Union Pacific Railroad, train, runaway trains, station agent, Heber Avenue, Main Street, United Park City Mines Company, snow, winter, spring
Living the nightmare David Nicholas Unseasonably cold weather caused the Park City Local freight train’s hydrolic brakes to fail, and without a crew on board, the train rolled away from the station. Part II of III.  Fay Dearden, Donna Dearden, Marian Dearden, Union Pacific Railroad, train, runaway trains, station agent, Heber Avenue, Main Street, United Park City Mines Company, snow, winter, spring
Park City Local runs away David Nicholas In April 1968, the Park City Local freight train pulled into the station and the crew disembarked to conduct their business with station manager Fay Dearden. Little did they know what was about to happen. Part I of III. Fay Dearden, Donna Dearden, Marian Dearden, Union Pacific Railroad, train, runaway trains, station agent, Heber Avenue, Main Street, United Park City Mines Company, snow, winter, spring
Vanishing Bull: The saga of a celebrated sign David Hampshire Roy Fletcher painted a large sign advertising Bull Durham tobacco on the side of the Park Tavern at 322 Main Street. The sign was covered with brickwork sometime later, uncovered in 1976, and then hidden again with the construction of the building next door. 322 Main Street, September 1976, Roy Fletcher, Mike Safianides, Park Tavern, Red Banjo Pizza Parlour, Gary Kimball, John F. Wahlquist, 1955, 1934, 1962
Quarantine procedures affected Park City residents Mahala Ruddell Park City passed an ordinance in 1888 providing for a board of quarantine. Quarantine was implemented when highly contagious or dangerous diseases such as diptheria, smallpox, or scarlet fever were discovered. Though common when it was needed in Park City, sometimes the paper falsely reported quarantine procedures. This happened to Frank Jones and family in 1905 when the Park Record claimed their home at 803 Norfolk had been quarantined when in fact all residents were healthy.  803 Norfolk Avenue, Park Record, smallpox, disease, health, quarantine, Park City council, ordinances, 1880s, 1905, Frank T. Jones, Historic Home Tour
The Larremores and 733 Woodside Mahala Ruddell 733 Woodside is a T-cottage but elaborated in the style of Utah’s Victorian architecture. Such architecture was not very common in Park City, though it was popular in Salt Lake City and rural communities throughout Utah. Ted and Wilma Larremore bought the house in 1951, when Park City was in decline and many residents were trying to leave. 733 Woodside Avenue, T-cottage, architecture, Victorian, Eastlake, Queen Anne, Maggie McDonald, Ted Larremore, Wilma Larremore, oral history, 1904, 1951-2000s, Historic Home Tour
Historic home owner was a busy Parkite Mahala Ruddell Charles Jenkins built a T-cottage at 949 Park Avenue in the 1880s. Jenkins was a notary public, accountant, and stenographer. He managed the Park City Heat, Light, and Power Company, worked for delegations to the Utah Legislature, and was private secretary to mining magnate E.P. Ferry. He was also a founding member of the Park City Social Club and a member of the Glee Club. Charles V. Jenkins, 949 Park Avenue, architecture, E.P. Ferry, Park City Heat Light and Power Company, Park City Glee Club, Park City Social Club, stenography, notary public, accounting, government, Utah State Legislature, Idaho, British Columbia, John F. Geiger, Bircumshaw, 1890s, Historic Home Tour
Park City grew into an elegant town Mahala Ruddell Park City’s wealthier residents tended to gravitate toward Park Avenue. The street featured many of the more elegant homes. It was largely destroyed by the Great Fire of 1898, but was rebuilt to much of its former glory. Historic Home Tour, Park Avenue, wealth, Thomas Kearns, David Keith, John Judge, Great Fire of 1898, fire, Henry Newell, McLaughlin, Dr. LeCompte, 1880s-1900s, Mamie Ivers, Minnie Kescel, Salt Lake City, money
Back on track David Nicholas It takes a lot of coordination and equipment to clean up a derailed train. A wreck train, complete with a crew, had to be sent up from Ogden to re-rail the train, repair the rails, and clean up any other damage or debris. Fay Dearden, Park City station agent, coordinated all of the efforts. March 1964, Fay Dearden, Union Pacific Railroad, Park City Local, weather, winter, train, derailment, crash
Off the rails David Nicholas On March 9, 1964, the Park City local train derailed. The accident was due to brake failure most likely caused by very cold temperatures and snow. Fay Dearden, station agent for the Park City branch of the Union Pacific, was instrumental in getting the line up and running again. March 1964, Fay Dearden, Union Pacific Railroad, Park City Local, weather, winter, train, derailment, crash
Food will win the war Mahala Ruddell After the US entered World War II (WWII), food was rationed. In order to off-set some of the consequences as well as foster patriotism and a sense of contributing to the war effort, the government promoted Victory Gardens. The Silver King Coalition Mine donated plots to miners and their families. Victory Gardens, World War I, World War Two, WWII, Silver King Coalition Mines, Spiro Tunnel, Thaynes Canyon, 1943, gardening, rationing, patriotism
A celebration of spring Mahala Ruddell May Day celebrations were once common throughout western Europe and the United States. Festivities often included a parade featuring a May Queen (usually a young girl from the community) and the tradition of leaving baskets of flowers and other goodies on door steps. Park City regularly hosted celebrations until the 1930s. May Day, Europe, tradition, spring, 1890s-1930s, parade, celebrations, dance, ball, festival, Rasband’s Hall, Park City Girls Friendly Society, Maple Hall, carnival, Women’s Athenaeum, Park City Fire Department, Beth Powell, Phyllis Hoover, Delsa Eskelson
Tank attacks Daly Avenue homes David Hampshire On September 12, 1979, a massive steel water tank crashed into the house at 70 Daly Avenue. The tank had cut loose from a truck that had jackknifed while trying to turn from Daly Avenue to Ridge Avenue. The city did not clear away the tank or repair the damaged house for quite some time.  1979, Daly Avenue, King Road, Ridge Avenue, crash, water tanks, The Newspaper, the Park Record, Fred Miller, Lauren Weitzman, Jane Singer, Jim McMullen, Anne McMullen, Al Allen, Park City Police Department
The Park City lineman Mahala Ruddell Linemen care for telephone and/or power lines across the United States. Earne Anderson worked for the Mountain Bell Telephone Company in Park City as a repairman, lineman, and installer. He and his coworker James “Windy” Winchester were caught in avalanche when repairing telephone lines in Thaynes Canyon. Lineman, Mountain Bell Telephone Company, Earne Anderson, James Winchester, Thaynes Canyon, repairmen, installer, switchboard, Wilma Larremore, avalanche, 1948, 1949
A public library for the Park Mahala Ruddell In March 1917, Park City launched a campaign to apply for and receive funding from the Andrew Carnegie foundation for a public library. World War I, which the US entered in April 1917, derailed efforts, and a Carnegie grant was never secured. Public library, Andrew Carnegie, foundation, philanthropy, grant, A.B. Fowler, Park City High School, Women’s Athenaeum Club of Park City, World War I (WWI), 1917-1919
An earth-shaking experience in San Francisco Mahala Ruddell On April 18, 1906, San Francisco was shaken awake by a power earthquake. Many Parkites were in the city visiting friends and family. Still others were in Park City but had family and friends who were affected by the quake. San Francisco earthquake, 1906, April 1906, Carrie Vivian Hodgson, fire, Dr. Ward, Will Scranton, Robert Westwick, H.W. Thomas, Jack Middour, Mrs. S.W. Platt, Mrs. E.P. LeCompte, Clarence Horsford, Myron Horsford, Star Horsford, Chinatown, Chinese-American, California
Taking flight with their little red wagon Mahala Ruddell The Radio Flyer Company produces the iconic little red wagons that have been staples of American childhoods since the early 1920s. Richard Mon, his siblings, and their friends neighbors like Merrill Sanchez, raced down Park City’s streets in their wagon. Liberty Coaster Company, Radio Flyer Company, little red wagons, Frank Mon, Lillian Mon, Lincoln Mon, Richard Mon, Chinese-American, Merrill Sanchez, Empire Canyon, Swede Alley, 1930s
Pioneers in Aviation Steve Leatham, David Nicholas After the Park City mail plane crash, RT Freng continued a pioneering career in aviation, becoming one of the most accomplished pilots of the era. KA Kennedy was also pioneering in the aviation industry, particularly on the business side of things. Air mail, mail, pilots, R.T. Freng, K.A. Kennedy, Boeing Air Transport Company, Boeing School of Aeronautics, United Airlines, Hawaii Clipper, Pan American Airways, United States Forest Service, aviation, 1922-1952 
A Journey Interrupted, part II David Nicholas, Steve Leatham While flying a route mail route, pilot RT Freng encountered a snowstorm in Parley’s Canyon. Freng diverted the plane toward Park City and attempted to land safely, but upon landing, the plane flipped and caught fire. Mail, passenger, and pilot all escaped safely. Air mail, mail, US Postal Service, United States Post Office Department, pilots, R.T. Freng, K.A. Kennedy, planes, Salt Lake City, Parley’s Canyon, Ernest Lange, Percy Williams, Klyde Peterson, Jack Mitchell, 441 Woodside, 307 Norfolk, Emma Nelson, WP Nelson, March 1929
 A Journey Interrupted, part I David Nicholas, Steve Leatham Air mail service was contracted out to private companies who flew Contract Air Mail (CAM) routes across the country. CAM 18 flew was from San Francisco to Chicago, with multiple stops along the way, including Salt Lake City. Air mail, mail, US Postal Service, United States Post Office Department, pilots, planes, Salt Lake City, K.A. Kennedy, R.T. Freng, Emma Nelson, WP Nelson, plane crash, March 1929
When air mail was a luxury Mahala Ruddell The US Post Office Department began air mail service around 1920. Salt Lake City was a stop on the first transcontinental route and air mail pilots often flew over Park City on their way to or from Wyoming. Air mail, mail, US Postal Service, United States Post Office Department, United States Army, pilots, planes, Salt Lake City, Rocky Springs, Wyoming, 1920-1930, George Rosevear, postmaster, transcontinental
If you can’t enlist, invest! Mahala Ruddell The United States funded its involvement in World War I through a series of “Liberty Loan” bonds issued to the general populace. The third bond was the most successful, with a huge propaganda and advertising campaign and rallies, parades, and celebrations to promote subscriptions. World War I, WWI, 1917, 1918, Liberty Loan, Liberty Bond, war art, propaganda, First National Bank, Boy Scouts, Bishop Glass, Orpheum Theatre, parade, rally, celebration, Jerome Paxton
A Valentine’s Day greeting Mahala Ruddell The custom of sending Valentines cards to friends, family, and beaus, was popularized in the mid-1800s.  Annie Bishop, Elizabeth Nancarrow, Valentine’s Day, holiday, Valentines cards, 1915, Cornish-Americans, Cornwall, Bessie Cargeeg, Mary Cargeeg, George Nancarrow, John Bishop, Denver, Colorado
On my honor, to do my best Mahala Ruddell Boy Scouts of America was created to train boys in responsible citizenship, character development, and self-reliance through a variety of educational, community, and outdoor activities. Park City’s first troop was assembled in 1914. Boy Scouts of America, BSA, Hoyt E. Henriques, Dr. Browning, 194, World War I, fundraising, community partnerships, Kendall Webb, Cub Scouts, education
Live with one leg or die with two Mahala Ruddell Mining was not the only dangerous occupation. There were numerous accidents in Park City involving many different jobs. Many resulted in amputation which, prior to modern antibiotics and anesthetics, was often just as dangerous as the original injury. Phil Knelling, Union Pacific, F.J. McCluskey, Utah Power and Light, Byron Hartwell, blacksmith, 1903, 1913, 1925, medicine, amputation, surgery
Eight-hour day with no cut in pay Mahala Ruddell Surface workers – including machine men, carpenters, and hoist operators – at the Judge Mining and Smelting Company, Silver King Consolidated mines, and Silver King Coalition mines went on strike in June 1917, advocating for an eight-hour work day with no reduction in their wages. Labor history, unions, labor unions, Judge Mining and Smelting Company (JM&S Co.), Silver King Consolidated Mine Company (King Con), Silver King Coalition Mines Company, strike, 1917, June 1917, World War I (WWI)
Riding a bucket in a blizzard Mahala Ruddell In December 1916, miner Norman O’Brien was injured in a cave-in at the King Con. Blizzard conditions impeded rescue efforts and the doctor (Dr. Snow) was transported to the site on an aerial tramway bucket. Silver King Consolidated Mines, King Con, 1916, Norman O’Brien, Doctor Snow, Dr. Snow, aerial tramway, blizzard, winter, Lizzie O’Brien, Necy McLellan
The changing nature of women in the workforce Diane Knispel In the late 1800s, most women who worked were either in domestic service or factories. The transition to white collar work was gradual, but increased after the invention of the typewriter and the telephone. World War I also gave women more opportunities as they filled open positions as men left to fight. Women, women’s history, work, The Way We Worked, The Way Park City Worked, clerical jobs, typewriter, education, telephone operators, suffrage, World War I (WWI), 1870-1920, labor history
The way women worked Diane Knispel Before the turn of the century, only about 3% of women in the United States worked wages, most of them in either domestic service or factories. However, women also participated in the labor force through women’s groups and other movements that advocated for education, safe milk, compulsory attendance, restriction of child labor, the development of a juvenile justice system, and other labor rights. Women, women’s history, work, The Way We Worked, The Way Park City Worked, Agnes Harrington, Isabel Grant, bookkeeper, Welsh, Driscoll, and Buck, Miner’s Hospital, nurse, domestic servant, factory, Women’s Athenaeum Club of Park City, women’s clubs, labor history
A look back 100 years ago Mahala Ruddell 1917 saw a local measles outbreak, snowstorms, the establishment of a night school, patriotic celebrations, and more. The United States entered World War I on April 6, 1917. Parkites raised $11,000 for the Red Cross, bought $300,000 worth of Liberty Loans, planted victory gardens, hosted rallies, and sent their sons, brothers, and fathers off to fight. 1917, World War I, WWI, Germany, Mexico, Miner’s Union Day, Flag Day, Labor Day, Red Cross, Liberty Loans, measles, Selective Service Act, draft, soldiers, parades
Paving the way to a modern city Courtney Titus In 1915, city, county, and state officials decided it was time to pave Main Street, a designated state highway. Though delays plagued the project, work began in August 1915 and continued through October 1915. After a break for winter, it was finished in 1916. The project cost $16,000. Main Street, Park City, Utah, 1915, August 13, 1915, September 1915, October 1915, construction, road work
The erasure of a community Mahala Ruddell Prior to 1900, Park City had a large and thriving Chinatown. Thanks to systematic discrimination on the local, state, and national levels, the community dwindled and by the end of World War II had disappeared. What remains is the name of the China Bridge parking garage, so called for the bridge that the Marsac mill company built so that white Parkites would not need to traverse the Chinese neighborhood. 1880, 1890, 1882, 1885, Chinese Exclusion Act, immigration, Chinatown, China Bridge, Rock Springs Massacre, Marsac, mining, labor history, 1920s, Mon, Chong, Thon, labor unions, 1903, boycott, The Way We Worked, The Way Park City Worked, 1920s
Where the action was Emily Perdue The newly-built Treasure Mountains ski resort was twice chosen as a backdrop for a segment of the musical variety show Where the Action Is. Paul Revere and the Raiders performed for Park City High School students who were excused from school to serve as an audience for the filming. Treasure Mountains, ski resort, skiing, resort, Dick Clark, Paul Revere and the Raiders, Park City High School, Mark Lindsay, music, television, TV shows, ABC, Marian Dearden, pop music, rock and roll, 1965, 1967, December 1965, January 1967
The tragedy of the Truscotts Mahala Ruddell Harriett Truscott, an immigrant from Cornwall, sustained severe burns when the oil can she was filling her cooking stove with exploded. The house burned down and she died the next day from her injuries. Harriett Truscott, Arthur Truscott, Gershom Truscott, Cornwall, England, Marsac Mill, fire, mining, cooking, 1893, 1895
Osguthorpe and 6000 Dead Sheep Sally Elliott One day in 1968, 6,000 sheep mysteriously died in western Utah’s Skull Valley. Local veterinarian D.A. “Doc” Osguthorpe was tasked by Governor Calvin Rampton to investigate. He concluded that the sheep had been poisoned by a nerve gas tested on the US Army’s Dugway Proving Grounds. Osguthorpe was very involved in early environmental movements and conservation projects. DA Osguthorpe, Calvin Rampton, Dugway Proving Grounds, Skull Valley, President Nixon, chemical weapons, ranching, farming, Summit County, Weber River Water Rights Commission, Weber Basin Water Conservancy Board, Utah Association of Conservation Districts, development, land conservation, open space, McPolin barn, Osguthorpe barn, 1968, 1995
Working to secure a better life Mahala Ruddell Howard Coleman, son of a Kentucky sharecropper, became a Pullman porter and headed West in search of better opportunities. He settled in Utah and eventually moved to Park City, serving as caretaker at the post office for over thirty years. African American history, black history, Howard Coleman, sharecropping, Jim Crow, the South, Kentucky, Pullman porters, railroad, train, The Way We Worked, The Way Park City Worked, 1920-1990, post office, World War I
Working above ground in a mining town Emily Perdue Park City was a town forged from the mines, but not everybody worked below ground. Logging supported the mining industry – timber was used to shore up and support the insides of the tunnels, and as fuel for the steam engines that powered machinery (along with coal). Timber was also used in construction. The Way We Worked, The Way Park City Worked, logging, mining, Mayflower Mine, 1870-1900, Echo, Utah Eastern Railroad, coal, timber, wood, forest, avalanche, loggers, miners, lumber
Strike Three Steve Leatham, David Nicholas Second Lieutenant Mabry Simmons also survived the crash of the B-18 Army bomber plane into the side of Iron Mountain in November 1941. Simmons was short on luck when it came to plane crashes. Three weeks after the Park City crash, he flew right into the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. Fifteen years later, he was killed in a military plane crash in Oregon. Army, military, Air Force, Hawaii, Oregon, San Bernadino, California, Silver Star, Pearl Harbor, WWII, World War II, Mabry Simmons, Iron Mountain, crash, plane
A Silver Lining Steve Leatham, David Nicholas Second Lieutenant C.A. Smith survived the crash of a B-18 Army bomber plane into the side of Iron Mountain in November 1941. He was brought to the Miners Hospital for treatment. The following day he was transported to Fort Douglas where he met his future wife Edna June Stoddard. The couple settled in Idaho where Smith worked for the family’s logging business. He delivered timber to Park City’s mines. Logging, Army, military, 1941, crash, Iron Mountain, Idaho, Fort Douglas, Edna Stoddard, C.A. Smith, Miners Hospital
Hell of a Roar Steve Leatham, David Nicholas In November 1941, a B-18 Army bomber, return to Salt Lake City from Colorado, encountered a vicious early winter storm and crashed into Iron Mountain. Several Park City residents witnessed the crash. There were two casualties and five survivors. Army, military, 1941, Iron Mountain, Frank Diamond, John Neil, Highway 40, winter, storm, weather, plane crash
Dream Team David Nicholas Bill Neil and Leslie Roach ran the Oak Saloon together for over thirty years. They created a family-friendly environment. The business was a pillar in the community.  Oak Saloon, 1902, 1923, family-friendly, bar, restaurant, beer, soda, McPolin bottling company, Ed McPolin, Bill Neil, Leslie Roach, 1923-1961
Beer and Ice Cream David Nicholas In 1923, Bill Neil and Leslie Roach bought the Oak Saloon. Seeing an opportunity, they decided to differentiate the Oak from its competitors by creating a family-friendly environment, especially for children of the Oak’s adult patrons. Oak Saloon, 1902, 1923, ice cream, family-friendly, bar, restaurant, beer, soda, McPolin bottling company, Ed McPolin, Bill Neil, Leslie Roach, 1923-1961
A Cornish miner’s tragedy Mahala Ruddell Samuel Simmons was born in Cornwall, England and worked as a miner. In 1890 he immigrated to Park City and worked at the Anchor Mine. He and one other miner were killed in an accident when the cage they were riding lost control and plunged 1460 feet down a mine shaft. Samuel Simmons, Rebecca Simmons, John Simmons, Anchor Mine, Cornwall, United Kingdom, England, mining, mine, immigration, mine accidents, William Jennings, Frank Woolsey, John Williams, Mary Williams, Henry Hughes, hoist operator, cage, mine shaft, equipment, 1895, 1890, Blanche Fontaine, Richard William Simmons
Park City’s Cornish connections Mahala Ruddell Cornwall, a region in south England, has had a history of mining that goes back millennia. After the Cornish metal market collapsed in the 1860s, many Cornish miners moved to the United States, where they were sought after for their technical skill. In 1881, the Ontario mine contracted Cornish workmen to design and install a water pump modeled after similar pumps in Cornish mines. Cornwall, United Kingdom, England, mining, mine, tin, ore, silver, equipment, Cornish pump, Ontario, Ontario Silver Mining Company, George Hearst, miners, 1880-1910
A jolly jaunt to Brighton Mahala Ruddell On June 3, 1922, the Park City hiking club joined forces with the Wasatch Mountain Club and hiked from Park City to Brighton. The large group of adventurers stayed the night in the bunkhouses of the Comstock mine and spent a day cavorting on the snowy slopes of Big Cottonwood Canyon. The hike went so well, the two clubs officially affiliated later that year. Wasatch Mountain Club, Park City Hiking Club, Park City Mountain Club, Brighton, Big Cottonwood Canyon, Comstock, mine, bunkhouse, 1922, hiking, outdoors, Wasatch mountains, May, June, clubs, T. James, Wilfred Langford
More tales of the barn Sally Elliott The Osguthorpe family bought the McPolin farm and barn in 1947. Veterinarian D.A. “Doc” Osguthorpe operated a dairy. He started with fifty cows and hand-milking, but over the next 43 years progressed to 250 cows and a fully automated system. Dan McPolin, Daniel McPolin, Isabelle McPolin, Patrick McPolin, D.A. Osguthorpe, Delbert Osguthorpe, Clarence Osguthorpe, Helen Osguthorpe, Steve Osguthorpe, Vicki Leatham, dairy, McPolin barn, farm, cows, fire, renovations, historic preservation, open space, land, veterinarian, mules, horses, mining, Millcreek Canyon, Park City Municipal
Tales of the barn Sally Elliott Park City Municipal bought the McPolin Osguthorpe farm in 1990. The McPolin farm was acquired from the original homesteading family (the Harrison McLanes) in 1896. The distinctive while barn was built by Patrick McPolin in the 1920s. The McPolin family sold the land and barn to D.A. Osguthorpe. Harrison McLane, Daniel McPolin, Patrick McPolin, Nan McPolin, D.A. Osguthorpe, Sally Elliott, Highway 224, Snyderville, homestead, farm, sheep, cows, 1886, 1896, 1922, 1955, 1985, 1995, Park City Municipal Corporation, Utah Department of Transportation, road work, barn, white barn
Total eclipse of the sun Mahala Ruddell A large swath of the United States saw a total eclipse on April 28, 1930. Park City only saw about 85-90% coverage. Scientists including from the University of Utah spent weeks and months preparing for the event. Casual observers used exposed, undeveloped film or smoked glass to watch.  eclipse, total eclipse, astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, 1930, April 1930, science, professor, San Jose, California, Nevada, Idaho, Montana
Difficult decisions at the height of disaster Mahala Ruddell At 11:20pm on July 15, 1902, a powder magazine stored underground at the Daly West mine exploded, triggering Park City’s worst mining disaster. Two were killed in the explosion, and thirty-two more died from asphyxiation after the fact. John Nimmo, foreman at the time, came under fire for his decision to halt rescue efforts after 5 hours for fear of the rescue teams’ safety. John Nimmo, Hennessy, John McLaughlin, Daly West, Daly West mining disaster, mining, mine, explosion, legislation, 1902, July, gas, search and rescue, rescue, death, funeral
A Long Walk Mahala Ruddell Annie and Teenie Wilson, Mazie Kerr, and Freida Young, accepted a $50 wager to hike from Park City to Salt Lake City in April 1913. On their first attempt, they took a wrong turn and ended up in Henefer. The two weeks later, they tried again and made it. Annie Wilson, Christina Wilson (Teenie Wilson), Freida Young, April 1913, April 26 1913, May 11 1913, May 1913, C.W. Hodgson, Charles Hodgson, Henefer, Salt Lake City, hiking, outdoors, Snyderville
Ella Brown, an accomplished young Parkite Mahala Ruddell  Ella Brown was born to Sam and Celestia Brown on July 24, 1905. She was an accomplished musician from an early age. She provided accompaniment for local concerts, theater, and other performances. Throughout high school she was involved in theater. After graduating, she worked for the Utah Power and Light Company. She married Burton Lewis and moved to Los Angeles in 1937. Ella Brown, Sam Brown, Celestia Brown, Mary’s Millions, Park City High School, theater, musical theatre, music, piano, California, Los Angeles, Long Beach, Burton Lewis, 1905, 1937, 1941, 1942, 1923, 1929, 1946, 1995
Welcome to the Neighborhood David Nicholas The Union Pacific depot at 660 Main was surrounded by many longtime local businesses in in the 1950s-1970s. These included the Eley Motor Company or Eley Garage, the Bill Neil Trucking Company, Utah Coal and Lumber run by Ab and Bessie Smith, and the Silver King Coalition Mine aerial tramway terminal building (“Coalition Building”).  660 Main Street, Union Pacific, Fay Dearden, Donna Dearden, 1957-1977, Eley Garage, Kimball Livery, Kimball Art Center, Silver King Coalition Mine, aerial tramway, Coalition Building, Bill Neil Trucking Company, Ab Smith, Bessie Smith, Utah Coal and Lumber, Lloyd Evans, Marian Dearden, fire, arson
Home Sweet Home David Nicholas Fay Dearden took over as station agent in 1957, moving into the Union Pacific depot with his family in January. He, his wife Donna, and their three children lived there for twenty years. As caretaker, Fay Dearden managed business at the depot and was on call seven days a week. Union Pacific railroad, depot, 660 Main Street, 1957-1977, Judge Mine, Ontario Mine, Fay Dearden, Donna Dearden, Paul Chester Stokes, train, station, station agent, Main Street
The Lone Survivor David Nicholas The Union Pacific depot at 660 Main Street is one of the only remnants of Park City’s once vibrant and essential railroad infrastructure. It has survived the Great Fire of 1898, an arson attempt in the 1985, the discontinuance of train service, and 131 years of Park City history. Denver & Rio Grande railroad, Union Pacific railroad, Zoom Restaurant, depot, Main Street, Pacific Avenue, Railway Express Agency, Western Union telegraph company, trains, Great Fire, 1898, arson, 1985, historic preservation
The Aftermath of the Great Fire of 1898 Diane Knispel After two-thirds of the town was destroyed by fire on June 19, 1898, Park City residents had a choice to make: rebuild or pack up and leave. Most stayed and through community efforts, fundraising, and help from nearby towns, Park City entirely rebuilt in just 18 months. Great Fire, fire, 1898, Main Street, Swede Alley, Park Avenue, Women’s Relief Committee, Park Record, charity, Frank Andrews, Palace Drugstore, Union Pacific Railroad, Welsh, Driscoll, & Buck, construction, recovery, 1899
Parkite served in WWI Bakery Company Mahala Ruddell James and Ellen Neil and nine of their ten children lived at 915 Norfolk in the early decades of the 1900s. Three of the Neil sons served in World War I, including Norman, twenty-two, assigned to the 351st Bakery Company, part of the Quartermaster Corps, or combat support service. He was stationed on the French front. World War I (WWI), James Neil, Ellen Neil, William Neil, Norman Neil, Victor Neil, war, military, army, France, Europe, trenches, draft, service, baking, bakery, Clarence Wright, Norfolk Avenue, 915 Norfolk Avenue, architecture, Historic Home Tour, 1914-1919
The Neils of Norfolk Avenue Mahala Ruddell The 1920s were a turbulent decade for the Neil family, who saw the deaths of the father and two sons. By 1927, all surviving children save William Neil were married and living with their own families. William and his mother Ellen Neil, former proprietor of the St. Louis Bakery, bought 920 Norfolk, which then stayed in the family until after William’s death in 1969. William Neil, Ellen Neil, Oscar Neil, Claude Neil, James Neil, Norfolk Avenue, Historic Home Tour, 920 Norfolk Avenue, 1920s, Castle Gate, Castle Gate mine disaster, World War I (WWI), prospecting, mining, St. Louis Bakery, T cottage, L cottage, 1924, 1926, 1927, architecture
The Deason family home Mahala Ruddell William Deason and his wife Elizabeth Deason purchased the T/L-cottage home at 835 Norfolk Avenue in 1896. The family owned the home for nearly forty years. William was a miner and was severely injured in an accident at the Daly in 1895. William Deason, Elizabeth Deason, Joanna Deason, T cottage, L cottage, 835 Norfolk Avenue, Daly, mine, miner, mining accident, 1895, 1896, 1912, Doctor Gregor, Doctor Wilson, Fred Stohl, Norfolk Avenue, Historic Home Tour, architecture, 1890s, 1895-1933 
The house on Norfolk Avenue Mahala Ruddell 843 Norfolk Avenue is a typical pyramid-style home built in the 1890s. It was embellished with decorative Victorian elements atypical for Park City at the time. It was built for John Weeter and his wife Harriet and may have doubled as a showroom for the Weeter Lumber Company. Other owners include Frank Andrew, David Keith Buck, and Willis Adams. Historic Home Tour, architecture, 1890s, Victorian era, house, home, C.H. Campbell, John Weeter, Harriet Weeter, Willis Adams, Thomas Hansen, Frank Andrew, Hulda Andrew, David Keith Buck, pyramid-style, 1908, 1920s-1930s, Norfolk Avenue, 843 Norfolk Avenue
Women and Alcohol Diane Knispel While social norms often kept women out of bars themselves, women and alcohol were no strangers. Women were bootleggers, operated speakeasies in otherwise legitimate establishments like hotels, and were arrested for public intoxication. Ina Lippman, Olga Hvartin, Mrs. Steele, Last Chance Saloon, bootlegging, speakeasies, Prohibition, Judge Lockhart, Women’s Christian Temperance Union, bars, 1917-1933
Poisonous Liquid Courtney Titus The 18th Amendment prohibited the manufacture, sale, and transportation of liquor. But production of potable alcohol continued, illegally and unregulated. Some bootleggers would redistill industrial alcohol (which contained “denaturants” such as methyl alcohol, iodine, and formaldehyde) to produce cheap, allegedly consumable moonshine, but the result was dangerous and often deadly. Prohibition, 18th Amendment, alcohol, bootlegging, wood alcohol, industrial alcohol, moonshine, whiskey, Samuel Own Apanalp, John Pezely, Lillian Courtney, Anti-Saloon League, 1917-1933, “Spirited: Prohibition in America”
Jeanie Stone: I Will Do My Best Steve Leatham Jeanie Sherman was born in Montana. Her father designed and operated some of the most well-known mines in the west including the Daly West and Daly Judge. She moved to Park City with her family in 1899. She became involved with the Woman’s Athenaeum Club as a teenager. After high school she worked as a teacher. She married Frank Stone in 1916. Jeanie Sherman, Jeanie Sherman Stone, Jeanie Stone, Jennie Sherman, Jennie Sherman Stone, Jennie Stone, Woman’s Athenaeum Club, Women’s Athenaeum Club, Frank Stone, Daly Judge, Daly West, Girl Scouts, Camp Cloud Rim, teacher, school, Park City High School, University of Utah, mining
Frank Stone: Master Mechanic Steve Leatham Frank Stone worked at the Silver King Coalition Mine Company as master mechanic, in charge of the machine shop, blacksmith shop engines, boilers, and all employees associated with these departments. Though he left briefly to serve in World War I, Stone worked for the Silver King and United Park City Mines Company for 41 years.  Frank Stone, 1915, 1917-1919, World War I, WWI, machine shop, blacksmith shop, boilers, engines, machinery, Silver King Coaltion Mines Company, United Park City Mines Company, Treasure Mountain Resort, mechanical superintendent, mining, development
The Perfect Storm David Nicholas On November 15, 1941, six airmen based in Salt Lake City left for Denver to pick up their new commanding officer. Though the day had been unseasonably mild, a powerful cold front brought abrupt change on the return flight that night. Downdrafts and ice overwhelmed the B-18 bomber, causing the plane to crash into Iron Mountain. Five men survived. The new commanding officer and the plane’s pilot both perished. B-18, World War II, 1941, US Army Air Corps, Salt Lake City, Denver, Park City, Iron Mountain, Major E.L. Pirtle, Sergeant Jack Anderson, Frank Stone, William Woods, Clifford Leatham, military, airplanes, plane crash, crash, weather, disasters
The Makings of a Perfect Storm David Nicholas In the midst of the Great Depression, US foreign policy was isolationist in nature. The military developed a new bomber in 1934, but did so under a severely curtailed weapons program. The resulting bomber was neither airworthy nor combat ready, spelling doom 7 years later when a Salt Lake based military crew crashed into Iron Mountain. World War II, Great Depression, military, US Army Air Corps, Douglas, Boeing, Martin, airplanes, Douglas DB-1, Boeing Model 299, B-18 bomber, 1934-1941, Iron Mountain, weather, disasters, crash, plane crash
Prohibition and the Central Hotel Mahala Ruddell 268 Main Street has an illustrious history as a brewery, restaurant, saloon, pool hall, and dance hall. Mary Giacoma ran the building as the Central Hotel in 1926. The Hotel was often raided during Prohibition and Giacoma fined several times.   268 Main Street, Dudler building, Central Hotel, Dominic Giacoma, Mary Giacoma, W.R. Jefford, bootlegging, Prohibition, alcohol, brewery, restaurant, saloon, pool hall, dance hall, hotel, boarding house, gambling, raids, whiskey, wine, speakeasy
Drying up the “wettest spot in Utah” Mahala Ruddell After national Prohibition went into effect in 1920, local bootlegging operations grew and expanded. Park City gave federal authorities control over investigations, with continued involvement. But by 1927, Park City was known as the “wettest spot in Utah” and whiskey flowed freely all over town. Prohibition, alcohol, saloons, politics, dry bill, legislation, social crusades, reform, temperance, 1917, 1920, 1927-1928, 1930, 1917-1933, bootlegging, whiskey, moonshine, stills, police, federal authorities, sheriff, agents, Gus Nielson, Empire Canyon
“King Booze” Dethroned and Dead Mahala Ruddell Utah implemented state-wide Prohibition in 1917. The political lead-up was heated, with strong support as well as opposition in all major parties. Park City worried about the loss of an estimated $22,000 to the city budget made with the sale of liquor licenses. Prohibition, alcohol, saloons, bars, politics, Democrats, Republicans, dry bill, legislation, social crusades, reform, Park Record, Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), temperance, 1917, 1920-1933, budget
The King Mandates Insurance Steve Leatham Thomas Kearns mandated all Silver King Coalition Mine employees be covered with accident insurance in October 1915. One dollar was deducted from each paycheck to cover it. Miners instigated a strike in protest but eventually agreed to the terms. Silver King Coalition Mine Company, Silver King, Thomas Kearns, October 1915, 1915, health insurance, accidents, mining, Silver King Coalition Provident and Accident Insurance, strike, labor dispute, November 1915, Senator Kearns
Cultivation of Mind and Heart Mahala Ruddell The Sisters of the Holy Cross opened St. Mary of the Assumption Catholic school, the first private school alternative for Parkites. They taught math, geography, language, needlework, music, drawing, and more. Sisters of the Holy Cross, Congregation of the Holy Cross, nuns, sisters, priests, Catholic, St. Mary’s, St. Mary of the Assumption, school, church, elementary, children, Jack Green, Marie McDonough, Sister Marie Camille
Park City’s Whistle Woes Mahala Ruddell A bell was installed in the tower at City Hall in 1902 to serve as a fire alarm though it was shortly replaced by a siren powered by steam. Mechanical issues prompted the city to replace the system with an electronic siren in 1908, controlled by the telephone company. City Hall, 528 Main Street, siren, bell, fire, alarm, bell tower, Utah Independent Telephone Company, Rocky Mountain Bell, 1902, 1905, 1908, 1916-1917, 10 o’clock whistle, Main Street
Light Up the Night Mahala Ruddell Park City began the process of updating lighting on Main Street in September 1930. The installation of the “White Way” was a civic improvement and economic stimulus project. The lights were turned on June 11, 1931. White Way, electricity, R.E. Bailey, Utah Power and Light, city council, city government, Main Street, Heber Avenue, Great Depression, parade, celebration, C.W. Silver, street lights, 1930-1931, September 1930, November 1930, December 1930, March 1931, April 1931, June 1931
A high society wedding Mahala Ruddell Lillian Keith, daughter of mining magnate David Keith, married Lieutenant Albert Cooper Allen in August 1900. Keith had made his fortune with the Silver King mine and owned a mansion in Salt Lake City, the site of the wedding. Park City and Salt Lake elite attended the event, which was widely reported in area papers. Lillian Keith, Albert Cooper Allen, A.C. Allen, David Keith, Silver King Coalition Mine Company, Silver King, Mary Judge, Salt Lake City, James Ivers, Thomas Kearns, wedding, marriage, ceremony, society 
But for a box of apples… Mahala Ruddell Three days after Armendio Novario fell ill with influenza (a victim of the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918-1919), he began acting strangely. In a fit of fever-induced pscyhosis, he escaped his house, ran away, fell from a balcony, and died in Silver Creek. upper Park City, influenza, flu, Spanish flu, 1918, Armendio Novario, Karl Menninger, doctor, medicine, psychosis, fever, upper Main Street, Silver Creek
Wooing by Moonlight Mahala Ruddell The Moonlight Bridge was once a small bridge over a little creek on the lower part of town, near where the Miner’s Hospital and City Park stand today. It was a popular spot for moonlight strolls and courting. Moonlight Bridge, Park Avenue, 1890-1980, Alice Terry O’Neil, Bessie Thompson, W.P. Langford, Lynx Langford, Rhea Hurley, Barney McGivern, Katherine Nealis, romance, courting, traditions
Not PC in PC: A curious local geographic name Robert Gurss Treasure Hollow was a popular spot for picnicing groups, boy scouts, and church and fraternal organizations. In its early years it had a much more offensive name, though no one is quite sure of the origins. Treasure Hollow, Negro Hollow, Gary Kimball, Sam Raddon Jr., Lila Nelson, fraternal order, Boy Scouts, church, picnic, social life, Treasure Mountain Ski Resort
Deadly Avalanche at the Quincy Mine Michael O’Malley A deadly avalanche destroyed the hoist building, killed three workers, and trapped six at the Quincy mine on January 28, 1903. Miners at the nearby Daly West helped with rescue efforts. Quincy Mine, Daly West mine, Little Bell mine, John Gafney, E.J. Cotter, Charles Fink, Michael Wynn, Noble Bates, Dave Coleman, 1903, mining, avalanche, snowslide, winter, Deer Valley
Past, Present, and Future David Nicholas Jump on board an ore train as a timeworn conductor takes us on a journey through Deer Valley into town from the Park City Consolidated Mine, reminiscing about the goings-on of the Valley’s six distinct areas in the early 1900s. Deer Valley, Park City Consolidated Mine, Park Con, mining, ski train, hoopla, skiing, Snow Park, Queen Esther, Judge Mining and Smelting Company, Electrolytic Zinc Mill, softball, Frog Valley, Smith’s Field, Smithfield, Deer Valley Meadow, skiing, Denver and Rio Grande railroad, D&RG, 1900, 1916, 1929-1942
Illusions David Nicholas The Park City Consolidated Mine opened in Deer Valley in 1929. Over $4 million was produced and profits were reinvested in the property. But the Great Depression, union unrest, water levels, and shaft and tunnel instability all caused economic hardships. Labor shortages due to WWII and declining production prompted the Park Con to close in 1942.   Park City Consolidated Mine, Park Con, Deer Valley, mining, Ontario drain tunnel, World War II, WWII, 1929-1942, Denver and Rio Grande Railroad, D&RG
Hard Luck David Nicholas Several mines operated in Deer Valley, though none were particularly successful. Among the earlier were the Constellation, which shut down in 1904, and the Queen Esther, which went bust in the 1930s. The Park City Consolidated Mine organized and opened in 1928-1929, just months before the stock market crash and the start of the Great Depression.  Deer Valley, Constellation Mine, Constellation Silver Mining Company, Queen Esther, Frank Hansen, Park City Consolidated Mine, Park Con, 1900-1940, Denver and Rio Grande Railroad
A Look Back at Park City in 1916 Mahala Ruddell 1916 was a snowy year for Park City. There were several fatal avalanches; the Dewey Theatre’s roof collapsed; and one of the worst storms in the town’s history dumped 4 feet of snow in just one day with temperatures plummeting to -20 degrees. It was also an election year and the second year of fighting in World War I (WWI). Dewey Theatre, winter, avalanche, storms, election, Woodrow Wilson, Charles Hughes, women’s rights, labor, suffrage, politics, Alma Kimball, Silver King, mining, World War I, WWI, First World War, 1916
Skating in Our Winter Wonderland Mahala Ruddell Ice skating has been a favorite winter pasttime of Parkites since the town’s settlement. Low-lying areas including fields or tennis courts were flooded in winter to create ice ponds suitable for skating and local stores offered deals on skates.  Ice skating, winter, winter sports, softball, Charles Haueter, Junior Chamber of Commerce, McPhearson’s, Paull Bros. & Wilson, 1895, 1908, 1928, 1937, 1939
Feeding an Industrial Beast David Nicholas The Judge Mining Company bought Smith Field in 1916 and built an electrolytic zinc plant. The plant operated until 1929. It was torn down and the field was used for ball games and large outdoor gatherings. Deer Valley, Smith Field, Smithfield, Judge Mining Company, Judge Mining and Smelting Company, George Smith, George Smith Jr., baseball, electrolytic zinc plant, Denver and Rio Grande, railroad, Snake Creek Tunnel, 1916-1929
Food for Thought David Nicholas George Smith operated a butcher and shop on Main Street in the 1890s and early 1900s. He also owned a large field in Deer Valley on which he maintained a feed lot, barn, and slaughterhouse. The field became known as Smith Field. He eventually sold the land to the Judge Mining Company. George Smith, Smith and Brim, Smith’s Meats, Palace Meat Market, Smith Butchery, George Hoover, E.D. Sutton Company, Judge Mining Company, Main Street, Smith Field, Smithfield, Deer Valley, 1897-1911, 1916, 1920
Other Side of the Tracks David Nicholas “Other side of the tracks” – a phrase often used to describe a “sketchy” neighborhood. Lower Deer Valley was located on the “other side” of a railroad spur up Rossie Hill and was home to the Park City Consolidated Mine (Park Con) and Park City’s Red Light District. Deer Valley, lower Deer Valley, railroad, Denver & Rio Grande, red light, prostitution, Bessie Wheeler, sin raids, Park City Consolidated Mine (Park Con), 1880-1980, 1956
Uncommon Valor Steve Leatham Frank Peterson left his farm home in Snyderville to join the Marines in 1917, shortly after the United States entered World War I. While serving in France, he was shot and later died on June 14, 1918. The local branch of the American Legion is named in his honor. World War I, WWI, First World War, Park City, Snyderville, draft, Frank Peterson, marines, miliatary, 1917-1918, France, Europe, Veteran’s Day, American Legion, Memorial Building, Main Street
Dawn’s Early Light Steve Leatham James Murphy (Jim Murphy) registered for the draft in June 1917. His number was called and he left for training that September. He served in the Army’s “Wild West” 91st Infantry Division. He was killed in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive on October 3, 1918. WWI, World War I, First World War, Park City, Summit County, draft, James Murphy, Julia Davis, soldier, war, army, military, 1917-1918, France, Europe, Veteran’s Day
Supreme Sacrifice Steve Leatham Henry Smith was born and raised in Park City. After the United States entered the First World War, he registered for the draft and was called up a year later to serve in France. He was killed in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive on October 2, 1918. WWI, World War I, First World War, Park City, Summit County, draft, Henry Smith, Rose Smith, Dick Smith, Silver King Coalition Mine, soldier, war, army, 1917-1918, France, Europe, Veteran’s Day, military
The Man in the Yellow Slicker Mahala Ruddell Who was the Man in the Yellow Slicker? A benevolent ghost who warned his fellow mining men of impending danger in the tunnels? Or a malicious spirit seeking revenge for his murder? mining, ghosts, folklore, Jake Smith, James Moray, R.C. Chambers, Ontario mine, 1880s
The Mysterious Case of William Kennedy Mahala Ruddell William Kennedy’s fellow roommates woke one morning in July 1882 to find him dead. Although people initially assumed alcohol poisoning, an autopsy uncovered evidence that he was beaten. A confusing case came to light full of vague evidence and false accusations. William Kennedy, Ontario mine, bars, saloons, bar fight, murder, mystery, unsolved case, Ingraham, Foley, Johnson, Sheriff Thomas, Castrino, Pollock, miners, Salt Lake City, Park City, 1882
The Strange Disappearance of Richard Cordell Courtney Titus On the afternoon of July 12, 1919, Richard Cordell, former postmaster of Park City, left his Salt Lake City lodgings and vanished, never to be seen (…alive) again. Richard Cordell, post office, Park City, Salt Lake City, 1898, 1919-1922, Julesburg Colorado, train, missing persons, mystery, unsolved case, disappearance, Charles Porter
Bridget Sweeney…Poisoner! Diane Knispel In November 1887, Parkites were shocked to learn of the attempted poisoning murder of Terrence Sweeney, a respected local miner and father. The perpetrator? None other than his wife of ten years, Bridget. Bridget Sweeney, Terrence Sweeney, Annie Martin, 1887-1889, Rough on Rats, trials, murder, attempted murder, poison, Dr. LeCompte, James Ivers
A Mason’s Apron Mahala Ruddell The history of Mason aprons traces back to the occupational aprons of medieval stonemasons, though they’ve long since evolved into symbolic articles of clothing decorated to represent many aspects of the modern fraternal order. The apron of William Waters, a Parkite initiated into the local lodge 1903, is on display as part of “Apron Chronicles,” traveling exhibit featured at the museum from September-December 2016. Free and Accepted Masons, Unitah Lodge No. 7, William Waters, Park City, fraternal order, fraternal society, aprons, 1903, traveling exhibits, Tozer gallery, Apron Chronicles
Snake Creek versus Midway Steve Leatham In 1918, the Utah Federal District Court ruled in favor of the Snake Creek Mining and Tunnel Company in a lawsuit regarding rights to the water collected by the Snake Creek Tunnel. On appeal, the ruling was reversed to favor the Midway Irrigation Company. The case made its way to the US Supreme Court, who upheald the appealate court decision in 1923. United States Supreme Court, Utah Federal District Court, Judge Tillman D. Johnson, Judge William H. Pope, Justice Van Devanter, Snake Creek Mining and Tunnel Company, Midway Irrigation Company, Snake Creek Tunnel, Wasatch County, Park City Mining District, Daly Judge, 1915-1923
The Midway Irrigation Company Steve Leatham The Midway Irrigation Company was founded in the late 1880s to deal with water rights and needs in the Heber Valley. When water was discovered in the Snake Creek Tunnel, the Company argued for water rights that the mine company did not want to surrender. The ensuing legal battle made it all the way to the US Supreme Court. (Part II of III) Daly Judge, Bonanza Flat, Midway, Heber Valley, Snake Creek Canyon, Snake Creek Tunnel, Snake Creek Mining and Tunnel Company, Midway Irrigation Company, Wasatch County, 1887-1888, mining, water rights, agriculture, Supreme Court, 1910-1922
The Snake Creek Tunnel Steve Leatham The Snake Creek Tunnel was a Herculean mining project developed in 1910 in part to drain Daly Judge holdings in Bonanza Flat and the Big and Little Cottonwood Districts. It was nearly three miles long and drained as many as 8,000 gallons of water per minute. (Part I of III) Daly Judge, Jesse Knight, Bonanza Flat, Big Cottonwood District, Park City District, Little Cottonwood District, Snake Creek Mining and Tunnel Company, water rights, Midway Irrigation Company, Wasatch County, 1910-1922, Snake Creek Canyon, Midway, mining, Supreme Court
An Imperial Legacy Mahala Ruddell Local mine owner John Bogan built a boarding house at 221 Main Street in 1904, shortly after the passage of the state Boarding House Bill which allowed unmarried miners to live outside company-run housing. It has served as a boarding house and hotel for most of its history and is commonly known as the Imperial Hotel. In the 1960s, David Chaplin and Gordon Despain ran it as a hostel and nicknamed it “Impossible Hotel.” Imperial Hotel, John Bogan, Bogan Mining Company, 1901, Boarding House Bill, 1904-1979, Pedro Pedrotto, Barney Lazaro, anti-vice raids, prohibition, Ramon Sanchez, David Chaplin, Gordon Despain, skiing, mining, boarding houses, hotels, hostels, Riverhorse, Main Street, 221 Main Street
A “Hummer” of a Tournament Mahala Ruddell In August 1914, Park City played host to the state fireman’s tournament and convention. It was an opportunity, Mayor Tallon encouraged, for all Parkites to “constitute himself a committee of one on reception and bureau of information for all our visitors.” Firemen, fire department, tournament, state convention, R. Simpson, Elenor Wright, Bud Johnson, Dick Squires, Pompier exhibition, parade, festival, Park City Juvenile Band, August 18-20, 1914
A Tale of Two Deer Valleys David Nicholas “Upper” Deer Valley is the site of the first mining camp in the area, Lake Flat, settled in the the early 1870s. The nearby mines did not produce a high enough yield to support the town and the discovery of the Ontario, Judge, and Daly West in the late 1880s and early 1890s prompted the move into the lower canyons/valleys and modern-day Park City. Deer Valley, Lake Flat, Silver Lake, Nail Driver, Lady of the Lake, the New York, McHenry, Ontario, Daly West, Judge, Park City Mining District, 1868-1890, 1894
What’s in a Name? David Nicholas The “modern” era for Deer Valley began in December 1981 when Deer Valley Resort opened. The name, however, originated long before that, though it’s unknown exactly where. Three theories include: scouts during the Utah War; scouts during the Black Hawk War; or references to the “dears” of the Red Light District. State of Deseret, Utah Territory, Ute Indian tribe, Deer Valley, Deer Valley Ski Resort, Utah War, Black Hawk War, Mormon militia (Nauvoo Legion), William Reynolds, deer, cavalry, prostitution, Red Light District, “The Line,” Deer Valley Drive, Heber Avenue, 1846-1847, 1850, 1857-1858, 1865-1872, 1884-1950, 1981
A Parkite’s Siberian Saga Dakota Elliott Lawrence Luther Martin was deployed to Vladivostok as part of the American Expeditionary Force during World War I. He faced harsh and isolated conditions. He left behind a wife, Edith, and baby daughter, Florence here in Park City during his eight months away. Lawrence Martin, Edith Martin, Forence Martin, World War I (WWI), Vladivostok, Russia, Siberia, American Expeditionary Force, family history, 1918-1919
A Happy Few Hours Mahala Ruddell Herbert Walter Deighton and his wife Alice hosted a “lawn lunch” on July 28, 1918. Guests included friends and family members from Salt Lake City, Park City, and New Mexico. Their son Herbert Harper had just left to serve in the Dental Corps, one of many young men from Park City to serve in the First World War. Deighton, Herbert Harper Deighton, Herbert Walter Deighton, Alice Deighton, picnics, family history, World War I, 1918
A Landslide Brought it Down Mahala Ruddell A landslide in May 1969 created an earthen dam that trapped rain and snowmelt in a lake 60 feet deep. It threatened the safety of the old Judge superintendent’s house in which Niles Andrus and his family lived as well as 25 other families in Empire Canyon. The Andrus family was evacuated and the house was moved to Thaynes Canyon in July. Judge mine, Empire Canyon, landslide, mudslide, Niles Andrus, United Park City Mines, May 1969, July 1969
A Jolly Good Time in Elkdom Mahala Ruddell In July 1914, the Park City Elks Lodge #734 organized a trip to Denver, Colorado to take part in the Elks annual meeting and conference. They joined lodges from Provo, Salt Lake City, and other places. The Park City Lodge won prizes for their float in the parade and for their uniforms. BPOE (B.P.O.E.), Elks, Lodge #734, 1914, 1902, Denver, Salt Lake City, Ogden, Provo, Denver Special, Oscar Forslund, fraternal society, social organizations
A Major(ette) Impact Dakota Elliott  The Park City High School band in the 1940s and early 1950s was in its prime. Under the direction of Byron Jones the band won 49 awards. It didn’t accomplish this on its own, however. Leading the way at many events were the majorettes, entertaining the crowd with their dances routines and baton swirling. Park City High School, band, marching band, majorettes, pepsters, 1940-1960, 1950 East-West Shriner’s Game, San Francisco, football, parade, Byron Jones, Marilyn Henrion, Stanice Worthman, Beverly Hall
The Life and Times of Charlie Woodbury Mahala Ruddell Charles Woodbury moved to Park City with his family in 1956. He served as principal of Park City High School for 10 years, overseeing building improvements, the introduction of a driver’s education course, and more. Charles Woodbury (Charlie), Park City High School, 1057 Woodside Avenue, 1956-1966
Park City’s First Hospital Chris McLaws In 1903 the Western Federation of Miners Union #144 began raising funds for the construction of a hospital in Park City. Completed in 1904, the “Miners Hospital” served the community as a medical facility until the 1960s. In the 1970s, it was a flop house, hostel, restaurant, and bar for skiers. In the 1980s, it was moved to its current location and restored. Miners Hospital, 1893-1982, lower Park Avenue, lower Woodside Avenue, 1354 Park Avenue, Home Tour
New Buildings for High Schoolers Mahala Ruddell A new building for the Park City High School was completed in 1927. Designed to be fireproof and accommodate 200+ students, it was lauded as the model of efficiency and beauty. A Mechanical Arts building was completed next door in 1936, as part of a Public Works Administration (PWA) New Deal grant. Park City High School, Mechanical Arts Building, PWA, New Deal, 1927-1982, schools, education, 1255 Park Avenue, 1167 Woodside Avenue, Scott and Welch, architecture, Home Tour
A Very Extensive Property Muddle Mahala Ruddell Snyder’s Addition encompasses everything from Heber Avenue to Kearns Boulevard. Its name comes from George Snyder, the Mormon pioneer who bought, platted, and re-sold the land to Park City in the 1880s. The area was subject to legal issues after the unexpected death of real estate agent/attorney David McLaughlin threw many unsettled titles into question. Snyder’s Addition, lower Park City, Park Avenue, Woodside Avenue, Edward P. Ferry, David C. McLaughlin, Wilson I. Snyder, George Snyder, John L. Street, Home Tour, 1872-1930
Rectangles, T’s, and pyramids Mahala Ruddell Architectural history of lower Park City, featuring rectangular/hall-parlor houses, T-cottages, bungalows, and pyramid homes. Each style is distinct and represents a particular time period of early mining town history.  Architecture, Home Tour, Park Avenue, Woodside Avenue, 1870-1930, hall-parlor, T-cottage, L-cottage, bungalow, pyramid, frame houses
When Bobby Comes Marching Home Mahala Ruddell In 1898, the Spanish-American War raged in the Caribbean and the Philippines. Bobby Donohue of Park City was swept up by the excitement and, unbeknownst to family and friends, ran away from home to fight. Not old enough to join the ranks, he served instead as a Utah battery’s “mascot,” returning home as the youngest veteran of the war.  Robert Donohue (Bobby Donohue), Bridget Donohue, Spanish-American War, Cuba, Philippines, Spain, United States, war, 1898
The Other Brigham Young Mahala Ruddell Park City had its own Brigham Young. “Brig,” as he was known to many, lived with his family at 1063 Empire Avenue. His daughter, Myrtle, married Fraser Buck, a local historian. Brigham D. Young, Mrytle Young, Fraser Buck, 1063 Empire Avenue, 1877-1947
Growing up in a Mining Town Mahala Ruddell Children from places like Park City and other Western mining towns are almost nonexistent in history books. What gives us clues about what it might have been like to grow up here are the memories and stories shared with the community and passed down through the years. Childhood, children, Melvin DeJonghe, Lloyd Evans, Bessie Thompson, Tom Slade, Jim Santy, mining, school, 1875-1950
Meet the Gregors Mahala Ruddell Meet the Gregor family, who left their mark on Park City: Gilbert Gregor served as one of the earliest surgeons in the community as well as, briefly, the town’s mayor in the 1890s. His wife, Elizabeth, trained at the New England Conservatory of Music, entertained the town with musical performances at the Grand Opera House. Gilbert D. Gregor, Elizabeth Pegan, Elizabeth Gregor, David Gregor, doctor, surgeon, medical history, Grand Opera House, music, 1885-1898, Great Fire
Do Unto Others David Nicholas Earle Reseigh bought 350 Main from Belle Brand after Safeway moved out of town. He ran a “one-stop shopping” store in the building for years, practicing principles that went back to Penney’s business philosophy of “do unto others.” 350 Main Street, Earle Reseigh, Earle’s Market, Day’s Market, 1944-1979
The Golden Rule David Nicholas Today, 350 Main is one of Park City’s finest restaurants. But the building’s illustrious past includes a connection to JC Penney, as well as a long stint as a mercantile serving Park City’s close-knit community. 350 Main Street, Golden Rule Mercantile, Belle Brand, JC Penney, Skagg’s, Safeway, 1909-1944
Before Ted Ligety, Park City’s Most Famous Native Son Robert Gurss Roger J. Traynor, born in Park City in 1900, served on the California Supreme Court for 30 years and wrote many influential opinions that led the way for subsequent landmark U.S. Supreme Court decisions. In his day, Traynor was Park City’s most famous native son. Roger Traynor, 1900-1918, law, supreme court, Park City High School, debate
Tell us a Story David Nicholas Sometimes when a photo gets donated to the museum, we don’t know much – if any – of the story behind it. In this article, David Nicholas demonstrates how to collect pieces of the historical puzzle and uncover that hidden story. Union Pacific, trains, “high line”, Deer Valley, Daly-Judge, Judge loading station, plow train, 1946-1949
Devoted to Dancing Mahala Ruddell Though her time in Park City was short, the
final piece in our Women’s History Month series looks at the life and career of
Joan Woodbury, who was “devoted to the art of dancing” and choreography. Throughout the 1960s, she and her colleague Shirley Ririe led summer dance workshops at the “Blue Church.”
Women’s history, Joan Woodbury, Shirley Ririe, dance, Blue Church, 1956-1966
 Park City’s Red Light District Chris McLaws Our series on women’s history would be remiss
not to touch upon prostitution. It was a fact of mining town life that some
women had no choice but to sell their bodies for a living.
Women’s history, 1891-1933, Rachel Urban, Mother Urban, prostitution, red light district, madam, brothel
 Women’s Athenaeum Club of Park City Diane Knispel The Women’s Athenaeum Club of Park City is the second oldest women’s club in the state of Utah. Founded in 1897, it was a place for Park City’s women to socialize, build new friendships, and challenge themselves intellectually. Women’s history, 1887, Women’s Athenaeum Club of Park City, civic organizations, societies
 “Let the Beauty of Your Adornment be the Workmanship of Your Own Hands” Courtney Titus The Keister Ladies’ Tailoring College, founded in 1891 by J.A. Keister of St. Louis, gave women the opportunity to learn a trade which provided a respectable income and perhaps some independence. It was known as “the school that turns out dressmakers.” Women’s history, 1891-1915, 1909, Main Street
“She seeks to excel”: A month long look at Women’s History Mahala Ruddell March has been designated as Women’s History Month since 1987. This article is the start of a five-week series that looks at women’s history in Park City. It looks at Nellie Thiriot, female postmistress appointed in 1902. Women’s history, 1902-1910, post office, postmaster
Park City’s Snowball Express David Nicholas The one-time “Hootspa Special” was a such a success that regular ski trains were resumed. The Union Pacific operated the subsequently named “Snowball Express” from 1965 to 1971, when it was forced to discontinue service due to the formation of Amtrak and regulations stipulated in Amtrak’s charter.  1965-1972, “Ski Trains”, Salt Lake City, “Snowball Express,” Union Pacific

Park City Ski Trains, All Aboard!

David Nicholas The Salt Lake City Junior Chamber of Commerce,
the Park City Winter Sports committee and the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad
were willing partners in running “ski trains” to Park City. 
The Denver & Rio Grade operated these
excursions until abandoning their Salt Lake to Park City line entirely in 1946.  
1930-1950, “Ski Trains”, Salt Lake City, Park City Winter Sports committee, Denver & Rio Grande Railroad, 1965, “Hootspa Special”, Union Pacific Railroad
Presidents and the Park


Mahala Ruddell In honor of the upcoming President’s Day, we take a look at Park City’s presidential connections.  In Park City, local history with presidents goes as far back as 1891, to President Benjamin Harrison. 1891-1999 Presidents: Benjamin Harrison, Ulysses S. Grant, William Taft, Warren G. Harding, John F. Kennedy, and Bill Clinton; Commercial Club of Park City, The Salt Lake Herald, Park City’s mayor Gilbert Gregor  
In Plain Sight David Nicholas Off Swede Alley, behind the Marsac Municipal Building, there are two remnants of early mining history in plain sight! Marsac building, Marsac Mill, Marsac School, Michigan Bunch, Flagstaff Mine, “concentrate” ore, 1869-1904
What is a Solid Muldoon? Sally Elliott The name of the Deer Valley ski run “Solid Muldoon” comes from a Park City mining claim patented in 1882. But where did it originate even before the mining days?  1882, “Solid Muldoon” (1879-1892), Edward Harrigan, William A. Muldoon, “The Solid Man”,  William Conant, George Hull, Cardiff Giant, David F. Day,  Rudyard Kipling (1888), Durango Herald.
How more ski runs at Treasure Mountains (now Park City) were named Sally Elliott Last week’s article on Park City ski runs and lifts focused on names inspired by Park City’s mining past, all from old claims on or near the land that is now the resort. Many runs and lifts, however, were named after people and honor the movers and shakers who shaped local skiing history. Mel Fletcher, Nick Badami, Craig Badami,  Jim McConkey, Willy Schaeffler, Ski School Director at Snow Park,  United States Ski Team, Ski Team Lift.
How the ski runs at Treasure Mountain were named  Sally Elliott While last week we looked at Deer Valley, this week explores the history of run and lift names at Park City.  1986, Claimjumper, Crescent Tramway, Crescent Lift, Widowmaker, Silver King, Silver Queen, Glory Hole, Drift, and More.
The Names of Deer Valley Sally Elliott In 1982, Edgar Stern opened Deer Valley. He insisted that the area’s history and mining heritage be memorialized in the names of runs and significant structures. 1946, Snow Park, John Daly, Otto Carpenter, Bob Burns, Burns Lift, Carpenter Lift, Deer Valley Drive and Royal Street, Park Con Mine, St. Regis and Deer Crest, Lake Flat, Homestake.
A Year in Review Mahala Ruddell As 2015 draws to a close, we recognize that, like any year, it had its ups and downs, both in our community and the world. Today, though, we look at the “way we were” exactly one hundred years ago, in 1915. Fred Hauder, John Inman, Park Record, Joe Hill 
Resurrection David Nicholas Third installment that confirms the Mayflower’s “unique” history in the Park City Mining District. This article continues that discussion with a twist – resurrection. 1971 New Park Annual Report, Mayflower Mine, New Park and LON Investment Company, Consolidated Mayflower Mines Inc (CMMI), Dutch investment groups, Jordanelle Reservoir. 
Golden Years for the Mayflower Mine David Nicholas The second installment in this three-part series on the Mayflower, Park City’s most “unique” mine.The involvement of Hecla initiated the “golden years” for the Mayflower Mine.In December 1961, the Hecla Mining Company created a joint venture with New Park to operate the Mayflower Mine.
Dec 1961, Park City, Mayflower Mine, Hecla Mining Company, Midway hydrogeological system, NBC T.V. series “The Life and Times of Grizzly Adams, Bart the Bear,  Dan Haggerty. 
The Most Unique Mine in Park City David Nicholas The Mayflower mine in Park City was the last mine to open in 1929. In 1932, the New Park Mining Company was chartered noting the Mayflower Mine as its primary asset. New Park was the second largest property holder in the Park City District.  Heber City, Route 40, Mayflower mine, Ontario mine, New Park City Mining Company.  
Did Butch Cassidy rob the Oak Saloon on Main Street?


Chris McLaws Legend has it that in 1910, Kid Parker – a common nickname for Robert Leroy Parker, or, as we might know him better, “Butch Cassidy” – entered the Park City Oak Saloon at 12:30 am and asked for a cup of coffee.  He then pulled out a six-shooter and told everyone to give him their gold. He got about $600 worth of goods and, as he was leaving, said he would be back for more. Or so it goes 1910, Park City, “Butch Cassidy”, Robert Leroy Parker, McArthur Enoch 2nd Handcart Company, Mike Cassidy, Oak Saloon, Henry Spriggs, Henry Alonzo Longabaugh “Sundance Kid” 
Thanksgiving compliments of Wells Fargo Mahala Ruddell Late one chilly Park City evening in November 1901, Freeman A. McCarty and Fred Backus got their own Wells Fargo surprise worthy of song when the company delivered a box to each containing, “a large, fat turkey, mince meat, apples, cranberries, celery, oysters, etc.” The men and their families were set for their Thanksgiving celebrations.  1901, Freedman A. McCarty, Fred Backus, Harold Hill, Society Hall, Thanksgiving, Knights of Pythias. 
Thomas Kearns, More than a Mine Owner Robert Gurss Thomas Kearns may be remembered best in Park City as a wealthy mine owner (and namesake of an often clogged roadway). However, less is known about his role as a U.S. Senator, newspaper publisher, and thorn-in-the-side of Mormon Church hierarchy. 1883, 1895, 1896, Thomas Kearns, U.S. Senator, newspaper publisher, David Keith, Mormon Church president, Joseph F. Smith, Silver King Coalition Mine Company, Park City Council in 1895, Utah Constitutional Convention.
Fighting to be flu-free


Mahala Ruddell Part II: By November 1918, new flu cases in Park City were reported daily. The Park Record noted that, excepting a serious mine disaster, never before had its pages been so filled with news of death. “Spanish Flu”, 1918, R.D. Zook, Isolation Hospital, Health Officer Barrett.
Pandemic arrives in the Park  Mahala Ruddell The “Spanish Flu” was the deadliest natural disaster in recorded history. Between January 1918 and May 1919, the flu reached every corner of the globe and even Park City was not spared. “Spanish flu”,  1918, Park City Mayor J.J. Fitzgerald, Doctors Snow and LeCompte,  Doctor Barta, Helen Paul.

The Widow’s Walk

Lucie Adler Everyone loves ghost stories, especially when they’re true, and one of Park City’s most spine-tingling tales is the story of the Weeping Widow. Weeping Widow,  Daly-Judge Mine, Empire Canyon, Stephen and Annie Edwards, January 1904Tony Allegres, folklore
Unanswered questions in a mysterious death


Mahala Ruddell The story of Edward Rowan’s life and death remains as pieces of a puzzle that have been limited to a single article in the Park Record June 1893, Edward Rowan, Palace Drug Store, Union Pacific and Utah Central railroads, John McNichol, W.H. Harris, Doctor LeCompte. 
The Bullet Complex Courtney Titus Marie Arthur, our “woman slayer” from last week, was back in the headlines in 1916, just over a year after her official pardon. Time and again, Marie’s good looks and sad story earned her the court’s compassion and led to mild punishments.  Marie Authur, “Bullet Complex”, 1916-1926, Will Lawry, 1922 Salt Lake Telegram, Clarence Langford. 
Murder and All That Jazz Courtney Titus Ten years before Chicago’s Murderess Row inspired the play, and later musical, Chicago, Park City had its own story fit for the stage.  It had all the key players and plot points: a jealous woman, a cheating scoundrel, and a smoking pistol.   Marie Arthur, Frank “Broadway” Jones, Mae Dunbar, January 9, 1914, “woman slayer”. 
Park City’s Grand Opera House Jenette Purdy In an era before home entertainment systems, Grand Opera Houses played a vital role in communities throughout the country. 

Park City Grand Opera House, Society Hall, The Ancient Order of United Workmen (AOUW), Park Record 1892-1987. Great Fire of 1898.
“Down the Tube” David Hampshire In the 1970s, the Alpine Slide of Park City Mountain Resort had a fiberglass tube companion that was christened by ride enthusiasts as “Down the Tube”.  Park City Alpine slide, Fiberglass tube, 1970, Park City Mountain Resort.
Maritime Disaster Touches Park City David Nicholas One hundred years ago on May 7, 1915, Park City was tragically touched by events a world away. Europe was engulfed in war. Germany had declared the waters around England a war zone. Any ship entering those waters could and would be subject to attack without warning: unrestricted warfare. Mr. John Edward Inman, the fraternal orders of the Knights of the Maccabees, 1915, Lusitania, German submarine U-20. 
Smashing entertainment Mahala Ruddell Whether it’s racing them, fixing them, or simply taking them out for Sunday drives through the country, cars have been an American past time since their invention.  “Demolition derbies” were quite the events at their peak in the 1970s and 1980s.  Demolition derbies,  Summit County’s derbies, Ernie’s Arena, Ron Welch,  fire chief Jim Berry,  Dennis Dale,  Jeffrey Wright, Wayne Putman. 
Miners’ Union Day Jenette Purdy In the early mining days of Park City, miners celebrated with a host of special activities not only on Labor Day, but on Miners’ Union Day on June 13th 1904-1912, Miner’s Day, Labor Day, Miner’s Union, Parade, festivities, mucking and drilling contest, Park City Military Band.
Fame and Fortune David Nicholas The 85-foot tall head frame of the Daly West Mine collapsed. It was the worst mining disaster in Park City’s history occurred at the Daly West in 1902 when thirty-four miners were killed in an underground explosion. 1902, Daly West Mine, underground mine explosion, John J. Daly, Silver King Mine, Empire Canyon.  

Don’t Mourn, Organize! 

Jenette Purdy Joe Hill was a member of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), or Wobblies. The IWW was one of the most radical, and thus reviled, labor organizations of the early 20th century. Found guilty of murder, on November 19, 1915, he was executed by firing squad at the Utah State Prison (located at what is now Sugarhouse Park and Highland High). Hill maintained his innocence until his death and others advocated for his clemency, including President Woodrow Wilson and Helen Keller. November 19, 1915, Joe Hill, Wobblies, Industrial Workers of the World, Utah State Prison.
Savage siblings in Park City Mahala Ruddell By 1910, Irish-born men, women, and children accounted for 5-6% of Summit County’s total population.  The majority of these Irish emigrants were living in Park City, with the Savage siblings, Andrew and Henry Savage from County Down, being among them.  Irish emigrants, John, Andrew and Henry Savage, 1903-1910, Summit County.
Old Wives’ Tales Lucie Adler Mining posed the greatest health risks to Parkites back in the day, and miners’ wives relied on home remedies to aid their husbands’ constantly ailing lungs.   Parkites, home remedies, miners’ wives, Nan McPolin, tar-and-sugar treatment, snake oil salesman,  East Asian cultures. 
The Singing Cowboys Mahala Ruddell Music has long floated through Park City’s mountain air. Parkites might fondly recall Byron Jones, musical legacy of this city. Jones founded and led the Park City High School band through the tumultuous years of the Great Depression, World War II, and the post-war era and inspired countless young people in the joys of music.  Park City music scene, Park City High School, Byron Jones, Louisa and Matt Sundquist,  Vaner Sundquist, George “Tex” Ross, Orlow Snyder, and Joe Giacoma, Park City Wranglers.
Park City’s Game of Phones Robert Gurss Among the first towns in the West to benefit from new technologies becoming available at the time, the Park City Exchange Company and Park City was the third city in Utah to have telephone service (after Salt Lake City and Ogden). 1881, Park City Exchange Company, Rocky Mountain Bell Telephone Company, Utah Independent Telephone Company (UITC), Alamo Saloon.
Bootleggers pay with banana splits Mahala Ruddell During Prohibition, many mountain areas, were home to stills, where alcohol was made in “boot-leg” whiskey outlets supplied the towns like Park City.  1920, Park City, Prohibition, Park City Sheriff, Helen Paul. 

Park City’s Early Chinese Residents

Josephine Yanasak-Leszczynski After railway work ceased to exist, many Chinese immigrants became stranded in Utah. Without even the return passage to California they had been promised, some of these immigrants simply stayed and became labors and business owners, running laundries, boarding houses and restaurants in Park City. 1869-1885, Chinese immigrants, Northern Railway, Union Pacific, Transcontinental Railroad, Chinese miners, Labor strikes in Utah mines.

The Circus Is Comin’ to Town, Yes Siree!

Courtney Titus

One day in late April 1916, a circus agent rolled into Park City and thus began the weeks-long wait in agonizing anticipation for the circus to come to town.  

Al. G. Barnes, Al. G. Barnes Big Three Ring Wild Animal Circus, April 1916, J. E. Jenkins, Carrie Vivian Hodgson, Hodgson’s Jewelry store, Dollie (Barlow) Barnes
Knockin’ on Heaven’s Door


Lucie Adler Generations of miners let their imaginations run wild in the stygian darkness underground. The most widespread superstition was the belief in Tommy Knockers which was brought to the United States by Cornish miners.  Park City Miner’s superstitions, Cornish miners, Cornish folklore, “Tommy Knockers”, 1910 & 1914 issues of the Park Record.
When Women Were Women Josephine Yanasak-Leszczynski It’s rare to hear about women being underground in Park City, but they supported and worked in the dominant industry. While women did not do the jobs that generally come to mind when the term “miner” is thrown around, they served the industry as surveyors and mill workers, and by pumping sand into mined-out stopes, making primer for blasting, and breaking rocks. Park City mining, female laborersMarguerite Keetley, John Keetley, Desdemona Stott Beeson,  Shelley Christiansen. 

Treasure Mountain Inn 

Shontai Pohl Treasure Mountain Inn was Park City’s largest and most prestigious structure in the 1960’s, and Utah’s first ever condominium-style hotel. As a great commercial enterprise, the complex helped put Park City on the map as a major ski resort destination.  Park City’s Old Town’s Historic District, 1963, 1964, Treasure Mountain Inn, Park City Mountain Resort, Welsh, Driscoll, and Buck mercantile store, 1893.
The Williams Family of 10 Daly Ave Chris McLaws This is 10 Daly Avenue. It was built at the base of Empire Canyon around the turn of the 20th century and has been in the Baxter-Williams family for nearly 100 years. Although it was rebuilt in 2004 due to a faulty foundation, this home retains most of its original  historic character, including  chandeliers and doors. 1924, 10 Daly Avenue, “upper town”, David and Margaret Baxter, Mary Baxter, Paul Williams, Paul Jr. Williams, Tom Williams, Susan Williams
The House on the Hill


Mahala Ruddell One of the oldest homes still standing in Park City, the house at 27 Hillside Avenue was built prior to 1889 and was likely originally constructed in the “hall-parlor” style. 27 Hillside Avenue,  Matthias Connelly, 1890, John Kearns, 1894, James Boulton. 
Upper Main and Daly Avenue


Mahala Ruddell When silver was first discovered in Summit County in the late 1860s, miners lived near the original claims in a small settlement known as Lake Flat (near where Silver Lake is today). By the 1880s, several developments prompted new settlements further west.  1860-1903, Summit County, Lake Flat, John Daly, John Judge, Daly Avenue, Anchor Mine, Empire, Ontario, and Woodside Canyons.
Hospital Day Mahala Ruddell Part III: The last installment in a series of articles about the names and faces behind the everyday functionality of the old Miners Hospital 1922-1940, Margaret Clarke, May 12th – International Nurses Day, May 10th- 16th,  Annual Hospital Day, Lennie Schlup.
Pleasing Manner and Exceptional Ability Mahala Ruddell Part II: Continuing the investigation of the women who ran the Miner’s hospital. Last week article looked at Isabel Grant and her time at the Miner’s Hospital. This week article looks at the women who succeeded Grant’s work after 1906. 1906-1915, Miners Hospital, Miner Hospital nurses, Margaret Mockler, Mary Trafford, Anna E. Hanson, Ella Groom, M.M. Balding, Rose Bauman, and Ivy Guthrie.
The Miners Hospital’s First Matrons Mahala Ruddell Part I: The story of the Miners Hospital has been told many times.But often missing from the narrative are those who ran the hospital from the inside: the nurses who cared for the patients and oversaw day-to-day operations. Miners Hospital, Miner Hospital nurses, Eliza Nelson, wife of Colonel John A. Nelson, Mamie V. Nelson, Isabel Grant, Keogh-Wright Hospital in Salt Lake City. 
The Earlier People of Summit County Josephine Yanasak-Leszczynski The earliest evidence of human habitation in Utah was left between 11,000 and 12,000 years ago.Before Park City was mining country, the area attracted humans to hunt wild game and fish. Although evidence of permanent settlement in Summit County has not been confirmed until after the mining boom, both European fur traders and American Indian groups traveled through the area before Parley’s Park City was established.  Early settlement in the Park City, Summit County, Uinta mountain range, Peoa and Wanship areas, Ute and Northwestern Shoshone tribes.

A Place of Rest in Snyderville

Steve Spaulding

Both the Park City Cemetery, first used in 1879 but formally dating to 1892, and the Glenwood Cemetery, established in 1885, are still open but have restrictions on who can be interred there. In recent years, however, there has been support for and debate about creating a Snyderville Basin Cemetery, where Basin residents can be laid to rest.

Snyderville Basin Cemetery, Glenwood Cemetery, Park City Cemetery, The Snyder family of Snyderville, 1849, Snyderville Pioneer Cemetery.
Park City’s Porcupines Mahala Ruddell Porcupines have never been an uncommon sight in the area, what with Park City’s location in a rural, mountainous landscape. The Park Record occasionally reported on encounters with the prickly little beasts. Porcupine encounters in Park City, Park Record reports in 1881, 1889, 1921, 1923 and 1931.
Step Right Up! The Circus Comes to Park City Jenette Purdy The Park Record built anticipation for the event, hosted by the Volunteer Fire Department, declaring that The Great Horne Bros. Circus was scheduled to roll in on May 2,, 1951.  The Great Horne Bros. Circus came to Park City on May 10, 1951. 
Fools on the Slopes
Mahala Ruddell It was called Clown Day and traditionally it coincided with April Fools’ Day. While the rest of the country celebrated the frist of April, Park City locals celebrated by having “people make fools of themselves.” And they did so by donning costumes and taking over the slopes. April Fool’s Day, Park City’s “Clown Day”, Greg Ash, Terry “Tutu” Jannott, Jim Carr, Tim “Razor” Sharp, Joe “Porky” Onn, and James “Steakhouse”, the Park City ski team, Park Record, mid-1980s.
Shorty’s Stairs Chris McLaws On August 4, 1998, the stairs on Marsac and Ontario were officially named “Shorty’s Stairs” after a very active Park City community member, George Elden Sorensen.    George Elden Sorensen, “Shorty’s Stairs”,  Ella Ione Prudence, Ontario and Marsac Avenues.
Hot Dog! Mahala Ruddell “They aimed to reinvent skiing.” The 1970s saw a counter-culture revolution not just in American society, but also in the world of skiing.  Journalist and author John Fry, 1970 freestyle skiing, “hot dog”skiing, 1974 Beconta Cup World Super Hot Dog Championships, Bob Salerno. 
Park City’s Connection to the Silent Film World Mahala Ruddell When it comes to knowing fame, everyone wants to stake a claim, even if it is a little shaky. Park City, it seems, is no exception.  Silent film actress Marguerite Clayton, Michael Fitzgerald, The Salt Lake Telegram, G.M. Anderson of the Essanay Company, 1920, “Broncho Billy”. 
United in Tragedy Steve Spaulding On Friday afternoon, February 23, 1934, a United Air Lines transport plane with eight occupants left Salt Lake bound for Cheyenne, by that evening, it was declared missing. United Air Lines transport, Salt Lake airfield, February 23, 1934 plane crash,  Lloyd Anderson, Frank and Jim Rasmussen, Judge John Green, Mary Carter.
Tragedy on Ecker Hill Steve Spaulding It was well understood that ski jumping was a risky sport, especially at a time when protective equipment was not used and medical care was rudimentary. After 1949; new jumping hills were safer for the longer jump distances resulting from improved ski jumping equipment and techniques. February 22, 1934, Utah State Ski Meet, Ecker Hill ski jump, Calmar Andreasen, ski jumping. 
Snow Patrol Courtney Titus “’Oceans of snow’ and no place to move it presents a very ‘tough’ problem… the past winter has been fit for neither man nor beast” – Stroller Notices, Park Record, 1949-03-03. December 1948, gasoline rationing, winter of 1948, Main Street snow removal.
The Silver Wheel Theater Jenette Purdy Parkites, from early mining camp days to today, have put theaters and entertainment venues as a priority. Before formal theaters found their way into Park City, performances by locals could be found in the various fraternal halls and the Ontario School.  Society Hall, Park City Opera House, The Orpheum Theater, Dewey Theater,  The Silver Wheel Theater, Egyptian Theater, “Magnificent Stage Show”, Evans Quartet, 1950s, Bonanza Day, May 11, 1963.
Flawless Fleming Steve Leatham In its positive form, perfectionism can result in great achievement and accomplishment.  Left unchecked, this persistent striving for flawlessness can lead to depression and suicide.  Silver King Mill foreman John Breckenridge Fleming, Silver King Mine Manager Thomas Kearns, Andrew Wallace,  January 1899, May 11, 1899, June 6, 1901. 
When Men Were Men Steve Leatham Work on the Silver King Aerial Tramway began in August 1900.  The construction was scheduled to be done in 90 days and employ 50 men.  It was the wish of mine manager Thomas Kearns that Park City men be given preference when hiring began.  “No outside mechanic was to be employed until after all available men in the Park were put on,” he declared.


Silver King Aerial Tramway, Thomas Kearns, Foreman John Breckenridge Fleming, Mine and Smelter Supply Company of Salt Lake, Salt Lake City Engineer C.P. Brooks, A. Leschen and Sons Rope Company of St. Louis, millwright James W. Stevens, Masonry foreman Neil Bonner. 
World Class Now and Then Steve Leatham World-class is an adjective often associated with Park City.  It is one of the world’s foremost resort towns.  The athletes who live and ski here are of the highest caliber.  Their training facilities are among the best in the world.  Much the same could be said of Park City at the turn of the twentieth century.  Park City athletes, The Silver King Mine, U.S. Senator, Thomas Kearns, aerial tramway, Rio Grande Western loading station, Gillette-Herzog Manufacturing Company of Minneapolis, Minnesota. 
Vanished! Never to be seen…. Sarah Hill Like most intriguing small towns Park City has had its share of mysteries. Some of those mysteries were solved, though most were not, and others simply resolved themselves.


April 14, 1930,  Phillip Jensen, Carl Leon Jensen casePark City police chief W.D. St. Jeor, Park Garage
‘A Glorious Past and a Bright Future’ Sarah Hill The Park Record would take time at the end of each year to highlight the many achievements of the mines and the community as a whole. Articles published in the Park Record in the early 1900s advertised fraternal dinners, formal suppers held at local cafés and restaurants, balls and dances with full bands, and financially prosperous year for the mining. Park Record, December 31st, 1904, Park City New Year Festivities
An Enchanting Christmas Sarah Hill Let us take a moment to remember the senior class’ grand ball, known as the Senior Hop. The festival dance event, right out of a children’s fairy tale book, took place on the evening of December 15, 1950.


The Senior Hop, senior class of 1950, The ‘Winter Wonderland’ ball, photographer Kendall Webb, Park City, Park Record. 
Bison: American Imagery,National Identity


Courtney Titus The Park City Museum is currently hosting The Bison: American Icon exhibit, this week’s Way We Were focuses on one of the few objects in our collection to feature the image of a bison. The wooden shipping crate from the R. Ovens Bakery in Buffalo, NY. 1898, R. Ovens Bakery, Buffalo, NY, Taylor, Caneadea, NY, National Biscuit Company, 515 Main Street, George Hoover, 1920.
Demonstrating Dignity and Strength in the Face of Adversity Steve Spaulding Part II of the Japanese-American community located in the town of Keetley during World War II. 1941 & 1942, Japanese-Americans internment camps, World War II, Jordanelle Reservoir, town of Keetley, Governor Maw, Heber, YWCA in SLC, December 1944.
Unwelcome in Their Adopted and Sometimes Native Country Steve Spaulding What most Parkites are not aware of is that the Park City area housed a war-time Japanese-American community. This temporary settlement which was located in the town of Keetley, remains that lie beneath the Jordanelle Reservoir. 1941 & 1942, Japanese-Americans internment camps, World War II, Jordanelle Reservoir, town of Keetley, Governor Maw, Heber. 
Child Star Gone Bad Sarah Hill Whether or not the lives of the rich and famous have been affected by the bright lights and paparazzi, one thing is certain; being a star certainly changes a person. And being a child star has been known to cause permanent damage. Park City, 1957, Rudy Lee, Rusty and the Falcon, Steady Ware (Mickey Mouse series), 1965, Lee Oscar Stone,Sheriff Ron Robinson,Utah State Prison.
Money in the Hole Sandy Melville The Alice Mine slipped away into the history like many mines that did not pay out. Although it was not a successful mine, it became a testament to the optimism and determination of the early miners and entrepreneurs who founded Park City. Park City mining production, Alice Mine, 1892 Park Record, Woodside Gulch.
You’ll get a psy-kick out of this Nick Huber As early as 1887, and as late as 1923, Palmist or Clairvoyant practitioners of the occult would place an ad in the Park City paper and set up shop around town.Most of the clairvoyants who advertised in the Park Record had small, simple ads. Madam Franklin, however, spared no expense, and bought a considerably large space complete with a headshot. Palmist or Clairvoyant, Madam Franklin, Professor W.H. Thomas, J.T. Oheney, Mademoiselle Iro.  
Prescription for an Addiction Minda Stockdale Morphine, the principal alkaloid of opium, was the therapeutic opiate of choice through the nineteenth century. Unlike smoking opium, morphine was produced and distributed through pharmacies and physicians led to many death, such as the one suffered in 1906 by  George Jacobson a 25 year resident of Park City. George Jacobson, Dr. LeCompte, November 10, 1906,
Morphine, David Courtwright.
He Loved Them (Nearly) To Death Steve Spaulding William Trotman’s love for his wife and daughters, distorted by mental instability and intolerable grief, led him to violence and suicide.  William and Laura Trotman, Orlando Johnson, September 1, 1902, Snyderville.
Dead in Her Bed Courtney Titus Not having seen Clara Maybell Huey since Monday night, Urban and others contacted the police. What the police discovered is still a mystery, Mrs. Huey’s body was found lying still in a doll-house like room, so clean and tidy that nothing seemed to be out of place. 


Clara Maybell Huey, Rachel Urban’s, James “Cupid” Huey, Lawrence Buys, Heber Avenue.
The dreadful demise of dear Mr. Murphy Lucie Adler Local papers reported that Jerry Murphy, “always a quiet, well-behaved fellow,” died by committing suicide on the afternoon of November 6, 1907 in his rooms above Park City’s Roy Mercantile. However, due to his throat being slit and four gunshot wounds, it is perhaps more likely that someone wanted Murphy dead. Jerry Murphy, Park Record, Suicide, Welsh, Driscoll, and Buck grocery department,  Citizen’s Club,  Roy Mercantile, Fred Rasband.
Forwhom the bell tolls, the head rolls  Nick Huber The Park Record is decorated with grisly stories that leave little to the imagination, however, this story is made up of a particularly gruesome and peculiar misfortune. The  Daly West Mine, James O ‘Connell, Clarence Horaford, Mining shaft, Timber cage, Tragic accident.
Was It Murder?”  Sarah Hill Often deaths in Park City were said to be due to natural causes. The historic Park Record is riddled with articles related to deaths that resulted in no investigations or charges, and, therefore, no justice. Summer of 1924, Woodside Canyon, no investigations, mysterious deaths, James Kusic, Sheriff Clark, and JimDon.  
Talent Takes Time  Courtney Titus From landscape painter Thomas Cole, the founder of the Hudson River School, and a self-taught artist, to Park City’s first summer arts program; this article explores the inspirational artists and events that lead up to the first Arts Festival taking place in 1970. 


Thomas Cole, landscape painter, David Chaplin, “Sisters’ School” classroom at St. Mary’s of the Assumption,  Dale Gibbs and John Stagg, summer art program, arts festival.


Up, Up and Away!

Courtney Titus The wonderful story behind the balloon festival called Autumn Aloft, which will once again take place in Park City. Autumn Aloft, Park City Balloon Club, Gene Moser, Hot Air Balloons, 200th anniversary of man’s first flight.
Just Like Old Times Steve Spaulding Part II-The formally structured picnic associations that began with former Parkites residing in California and Washington. Formally structured picnic associations, Parkites in California and Washington, Christine Nelson Hurley, Gideon Snyder, W.A. “Bill” Raddon.


Out of Sight, Never Out of Mind (or Heart) Steve Spaulding As Parkites have moved elsewhere, they have carried with themthe appreciation of a good picnic with family and friends.  Forbears from Park City, formal reunion picnics, Lawrence Raddon, Park City Picnic Association
From Mining Silver to Managing Real Estate


Steve Spaulding Part II on the history of the mining consolidation Mining decline, suspended operations, United Park City Mines (UPCM), year-round recreation development.
World War I Centennial: Conclusion Steve Spaulding Conclusion of a four-part series detailing Parkites’ roles in World War I. Resources,traditional roles, war-time sacrifices.
World War I Centennial: Part III  Steve Spaulding Story about seven local men who paid the ultimate price in the war. Marine Pvt Frank Peterson, James Murphy, Joshua Bate, Henry T. Smith, Summit County, Local American Legion Post
World War I Centennial:  PartII Steve Spaulding A detailed account of Parkites’ roles in World War I aviation.  Word War I, The Great War, Aviation, Major R.E. Wight. Casualties list.
World War I Centennial: Park City’s Contributions Steve Spaulding Many of Park City’s young men were involved in World War I due to their expertise as miners.  Great War, World War I, 1917, 1918, Dan Alexander, Miner’s Regiment, 100th anniversary, Centennial
A Paintbrush With Roots Sarah Hill Arts festival has a long history in Park City. Art, Arts Fest, 1970, 45th anniversary 
Ride ‘n Tie Sarah Hill in 1978 an event known as the  Ride ‘n Tie was held in Park City  Horse, Ride ‘n Tie, 1978, 1971, 
All Nature Paths Lead to Cole Minda Stockdale Thomas Cole was an early landscape painter who changed the face the American landscape painting. Thomas Cole, Landscape Painting, Travelling exhibit
A Farewell to Swarms      Nick Huber In early Park City flies were a huge problem and it started a movement to clean up the town. Flies, 1910, Sanitation, clean town contest
A Park City Celebration Hal Compton    The 4th of July Parade in Park City has marched past an ever-changing Main Street Parade, 4th of July, 1914-1916, 518 Main Street, 
The Forgotten War Steve Spaulding Many soldiers from Park City fought in the Korean War. Read on to learn their stories Korean War, Park City Soldiers, Jim Santy, Carol Berry
Diamonds are a Girl’s Best Friend Nick Huber This week’s article features a 1911 Basball game: The Original Bloomer Girls vs Park City 1911, Baseball, The Original Bloomer Girls  
It’s All in the Name Sarah Hill Names of places in Park City have historic roots. This article discusses where names like “Marsac” and “Rossie Hill” came from, 251 Ontario, Historic House, Rossie Hill, Marsac Avenue, Home Tour
Shot Gun Style         Sarah Hill  413 Ontario is an example of the shotgun style of Architecture. This article discusses the architecture and it’s impact on Park City.  413 Ontario, Historic house, Home Tour, Architecture, Shotgun style
Schools Out Forever Sarah Hill 445 Marsac Ave. began as an elementary school and now houses City Offices. Read about the history of this influential building.  445 Marsac, Marsac Mill, 1936, School, 1980, City Offices 
You Can’t Turn Back the Clock Steve Spaulding     In 1985, there was a lawsuit involving the ski resorts and United Park City Mines. This week’s article details the case. United Park City Mines, Park City Ski Area, Deer Valley Resort, 1985, 1970s 
Change in Ownership, Change in the Community? Steve Spaulding In 1985, there was a lawsuit involving the new Ski resorts and United Park City Mines United Park City Mines, Lawsuit, Treasure Mountains, Skiing
The Best Mother Who Ever Lived  Sarah Hill  Take a look at the first Mother’s Day celebration in Park City Utah 1910, Mothers Day, 1962, Miners’ Hospital, 
From Mining Silver to Managing Real Estate Steve Spaulding Read this week’s Way We Were to find out what the Treasure Mountains venture looked like from behind the scenes.  1949, 1952, United Park City Mines, Treasure Mountains, Talisker, 1982 
Is Less More? Is Bigger Better? Steve Spaulding Read a discussion on the history of mining and consolidation in Park City. Consolidation, Mining, 1892, 1917
A New Bonanza for Park City Sandy Melville Take a look at Treasure Mountains’ first moments as a resort.     50th anniversary, Treasure Mountains, Ski School, Ski Patrol, Skiing
Near Dynamite Disaster         Sarah Hill In 1913 a runaway train threatened Park City. When it was diverted it nearly caused an accident that destroyed part of the town. Freight train, Derailment, Dynamite, 1913, Silver King Coalition, Passenger train.
Fool Me Twice Rachel Wadman In 1884 Park City was still very much a part of the “wild west” read on to learn about horse thieves in Park City John Riley, 1884, Horse thief, Sheriff Allison, Coalville
Fire Department State Convention Sarah Hill In 1926 Park City was chosen as the location for the annual Fire Department State Convention. See how the town prepared for the honor. August, 1926, Fire department, Convention, The American, the Laurence Sisters
Who, Who, Who are the Owls?
Sarah Hill
One of Park City’s many fraternal organizations was called the Order of the Owls.
Fraternal organizations, Order of the Owls, benefits, 1904, 1912
Welsh, Driscoll & Buck: The End of an Era Courtney Titus    Read the story of the Welsh, Driscoll & Buck
William Harrigan, bowler hat, 233 Main St., 1950s, donation, Welsh Driscoll & Buck
The Unfortunate Fate of the Kearns-Keith Mill  Sally Elliott There are many mining structures left over from Park City’s mining history. Read about their history and value to our community. Kearns-Keith Mill, United Park City Mines, 1998, mines, Conservation, Preservation
From Cowboys to Comedians  Sarah Hill         Park City was no stranger to famous faces. Read about those who visited our city in the 60s. Hugh O’Brien, Guys and Dolls, 1965 
The Chicken Predicament  Sarah Hill         There are plenty of unique articles to be found in the Park Record Chickens, 1880s, 1930s, Neil Gordon, Ralph Garbett, Keith Kummer, Diamond Pin, 
Weaving a History of Park City  Sarah Hill “Behind the Scenes” at the Park City Museum Research Library. What happens when someone requests information? Cunnington, England, Research Library, 1800s, 1874  
A Dangerous Occupation Indeed  Sarah Hill Working in Park City’s mines was Dangerous. Read on for the story of McCellan Yates Yates, 1929, Silver King Mine, Mining, Hospital, Peritonitis,  Death, Accident
Little Rascals: Park City Edition  Sarah Hill Park City’s youth sometimes misbehaved. Read about what happened in 1912. Kids, Grocery, 1912, Stealing, Juvenile Delinquent
Blood Mobile Comes to Park City      Sarah Hill In 1952 the Blood Mobile came to Park City. Read more about this historic railway car. Red Cross, 1952, National Blood Donor Month, Blood Type
Mining Heritage Relic Hal Compton The history of the Silver King Coalition Mine aerial tramway  Aerial Tramway, Silver King Coalition Mine
Tori Pillinger: A Hometown Prodigy Rachel Wadman A biography of Tori Pillinger a member of the US Ski Team Tori Pillinger, U.S. Ski Team, Skiing, Accident, Retirement
Silver King Boarding House Jenette Purdy Learn more about the Silver King Boarding House (now PCMR’s Mid Mountain Lodge) Silver King Boarding House, miners, Mid Mountain Lodge, skiing, 
The Business of Christmas Sarah Hill Learn about this history of Park City Christmases Christmas, advertisements, Decorations, gifts
‘No one skis like Stein’  Sarah Hill A biography of Stein and his impact on Park City skiing. Stein Eriksen, Deer Valley, Park City Mountain Resort, Edgar Stern 
A Park City Thanksgiving Hal Compton The story of a memorable Thanksgiving in Park City.  Thanksgiving, Sam Sgro, Howard and Justine Coleman, 
Treasure Mountains! Sandra Morrison A history of Park City Mountain Resort and the History of Skiing in Park City. Treasure Mountains, Park City Mountain Resort, Skiing, 1960s, President Kennedy, Golf course, 
Celebrating and Remembering Veterans Day  Sarah Hill The history of Veterans Day celebrations in Park City. Veterans Day, World War I, Summit County War Veterans Memorial Building, 
Building Community Jenette Purdy      Learn about Park City’s strong community  Live PC Give PC, Non-Profits, Fraternal Organizations, Community Organizations, Community Support
‘Headless Body Found’  Sarah Hill The story of the mysterious death of James Doyle who was found headless a year after having been declared missing James Doyle, 1932, death, natural causes, headless, Alliance, Spiro Tunnell 
Death in the Dungeon  Jenette Purdy The stories of the deaths that occured in Park City’s Territorial Jail  Dungeon, Territorial Jail, Doctor, Death, 1897, 1901, 1902, 1905, 1913
Found Dead: The Story of Alex Chisolm  Rachel Wadman The story of the discovery of a man’s body in Thayne’s Canyon Alex Chisolm, 1904, Odd Fellows, Mason, Dawson City Alaska, California-Comstock Mill
A Damn Bad Family Mess  Courtney Titus Wyatt Kennedy was shot in his home in february 1894, find out the whole story in this week’s article Wyatt Kennedy, 1894, Ontario No. 3, Murder plot, 
Spooky Series Introduction  Sarah Hill An introduction to the October Spooky Series Ghost, Death, Suicide, Murder, Ontario Mine No. 3, Halloween
 Ambulances in Park City      Rachel Wadman A look and the history of ambulances in Park City. Ambulance, 1913, Miners’ Hospital, Fire Department, Helen (Nellie) Green
Hope Springs Eternal      David Nicholas     Photographer Richard “Dick” Steinheimer’s photographic exploits in Park City during the 1950s Richard “Dick” Steinheimer, 1950s, Photography, Journalist, Union Pacific Railroad Station, Silver Queen Hotel
Letters Home
Lauren Miller  
A look at more letters from war discussing the importance of Home and a soldier’s connection to it during periods of conflict.
World War II, Lily Stephens, Park Record, Home, Dear America: Letters Home from Vietnam, Park City, soldiers, military
The Photographic Exploits of Dick Steinheimer: Part Five
David Nicholas
Photographer Richard “Dick” Steinheimer’s photographic exploits in Park City during the 1950s Richard “Dick” Steinheimer, 1950s, photography, journalist, Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad, Union Pacific Railroad
The Photographic Exploits of Dick Steinheimer: Part Four
David Nicholas
Photographer Richard “Dick” Steinheimer’s photographic exploits in Park City during the 1950s
Richard “Dick” Steinheimer, 1950s, photography, journalist, The Cozy, Pacific Avenue, Emmett Spiro, Union Pacific, Zoom
The Photographic Exploits of Dick Steinheimer: Part Three David Nicholas
Photographer Richard “Dick” Steinheimer’s photographic exploits in Park City during the 1950s Richard “Dick” Steinheimer, 1950s, photography, journalist, 523 Main Street, 525 Main Street, The Great Fire, Taylor Building, Nu-Way Cleaners, Kendall Webb, George Washington School, Washington School House Hotel 
The Photographic Exploits of Dick Steinheimer: Part Two
David Nicholas
Photographer Richard “Dick” Steinheimer’s photographic exploits in Park City during the 1950s Richard “Dick” Steinheimer, 1950s, photography, journalist, aerial tram, Silver King Coalition, Park City Mountain Resort
The Photographic Exploits of Dick Steinheimer
David Nicholas
Photographer Richard “Dick” Steinheimer’s photographic exploits in Park City during the 1950s
Richard “Dick” Steinheimer, Silver King Coalition, tipple, 1950s, photography, jounralist, Union Pacific train, “Park City Local”, train 226
Tramp Art
Colleen Allen
What creative ways did Parkites deal with the difficult times faced by the decline of the mining industry?
1930s, tramp art, cigar box, depression, picture frame, dynamite box, pyrite ore
Happy Birthday ‘Murica
Sarah Hill and Lauren Miller
What exactly did happen on the Independence Day celebration in 1971? A riot that changed Park City’s history!
Independence Day, July 4, 1971, July 5, 1971, The Riot of 1971, hippies, old timers, water balloons, highway patrol
The Lincoln Highway: 100 Year Road Tour 2013
Betty Bitner King
The Lincoln Highway, the first transcontinental road in the US, literally put Park City on the map, and the association will briefly visit Utah on June 27, 2013.
The Lincoln Highway, Transcontinental Road, Goodyear Tire, Packard Car Company, Governor Spry, Bitner Ranch,
Worth Fighting For
Lauren Miller    
A look at more letters from war to determine what soldiers fight for then and now.
Community Giving Day, Sam Raddon, Park Record, William G. Robinson
325 Park Ave
Rachel Wadman
Sam Raddon, beloved owner of the Park Record, lived here. Find out more about his life and this house
Historic Home Tour, Sam Raddon, Park Record
305 Park Ave
Colleen Allen    
The history of 305 Park Avenue
Historic Home Tour, Lawrence Boarding House, Great Fire of 1898
A Serious Cutting Affair Lauren Miller and Sarah Hill    
Life wasn’t always easy in Park City, even when you worked outside the mines. Find out what serious offense occurred at 133 Woodside Avenue.
Historic Home Tour, Maggie Scanlon, Tom Scanlon, John Franish, Frank Franish, 133 Woodside Avenue
From Our Boys in the Armed Forces, II Lauren Miller
Carrie Vivian Hodgson, beloved by many in Park City, corresponded with a few different men during WWII.
World War II, Carrie Vivian Hodgson, the Park Record, Eugene Correll, Geo Gasparac,
From Our Boys in the Armed Forces
Lauren Miller
A letter to the Park Record from Chas McGill describes what it was like in France during World War I.
World War I, Chas McGill, Sam Raddon, the Park Record, Argonne Forrest
Milk of Poppy
Sarah Hill    
Alcohol and gambling weren’t the only vices Parkites entertained.
Opium, Chinatown, Immigration
Seeds of Victory
Sarah Hill & Lauren Miller
Park City aids the relief efforts during WWII by encouraging Parkites to take part in Victory Gardens.     
Gardening, Victory Gardens, Silver King Mining Company, Community Garden, World War II
Sarah Hill & Lauren Miller    
Reasons behind the longstanding tradition of gardening in Park City.     
Gardening, Mining Decline, Home Garden, Community Garden
Play Well
Sarah Hill & Lauren Miller  
Ways Parkites stayed physically active in years past, and former ideas of what it meant to be healthy.
Healthy living, Eat Well, Play Well, McPolin children
Eat Well
Sarah Hill & Lauren Miller     Benefits of eating nutrious meals with a focus on the hot lunch program at Marsac School. Marsac School, food, nutrition, hot lunch program
The Bitner Ranch
Betty Bitner King
The history of the Bitner family and the Bitner ranch.
Bitner, Ranch, Overland Stage, Holladay Stage, Wells-Fargo Express, William Kimball
Living with Avalanches Kate Mapp
Avalanches then and now in Park City
Avalanches, Francis Tyrall, Joseph Brown, Daly West Mine,
Spring Skiing
Hal Compton
Mel Fletcher and Les Roach enjoy Spring Skiing at Snow Park.
Spring Skiing, Mel Fletcher, Les Roach, Snow Park, Deer Valley Resort
The Last Drink?…Or Not: The Beginning of a New Era Sarah Hill, Lauren Miller, and Courtney Titus
The conclusion of the Bar Series discusses the end of Prohibition in the nation, and what that meant for the state of Utah.
Saloons, bars, soft drink parlors, Prohibition, Main Street, liquor laws
Risky Business Kate Mapp
An explanation of soft drink parlor licenses and their influence on Park City during Prohibition
Saloons, bars, soft drink parlors, Angelo Fontana, soft drink licenses, Venice Club, raids, Prohibition, distillery, Main Street
Valid Arrest or a Dirty Frame Up?
Sarah Hill
The story of Deputy Sheriff W.R Jefford’s arrest for taking hush money during Prohibition
Saloons, bars, soft drink parlors, Main Street, W.R Jefford, hush money, Prohibition, raids, Sam De Angelis, Angelo Fontana
From the Bank to Cisero’s and Everything in Between Lauren Miller The long history of 306 Main Street as a saloon in Park City Saloons, bars, soft drink parlors, main street, the Handle Bar, Cisero’s Nightclub, the Bank, Daniel McPolin, prohibition
The Life of a Saloon Owner: Sam De Angelis Courtney Titus Sam De Angelis’s life and connection with running bars, saloons, and “soft drink” parlors in Park City Saloons, bars, soft drink parlors, main street, Sam De Angelis, prohibition
The Oak Saloon: A Prohibition Survivor Lauren Miller A timeline of the Oak Saloon and proprietor Henry Spriggs Saloons, bars, soft drink parlors, main street, the Oak, prohibition
The Night Utah Went Dry Courtney Titus The beginning of Prohibition and the creation of “soft drink” parlors Saloons, bars, soft drink parlors, main street, prohibition
The Saloon of the “King of Denmark” Sarah Hill Highlights of the life of George Wanning and his role as a saloon proprietor Saloons, bars, soft drink parlors, main street, George Wanning, Geo Wanning’s, prohibition
Park City’s Seedy Underbelly: An Introduction Sarah Hill, Lauren Miller, and Courtney Titus A look into Park City’s bar and saloon life, and the importance they played in a mining town Saloons, bars, soft drink parlors, main street, prohibition, entertainment
Utah’s Own Silver Queen Jenette Purdy The life of Silver Queen Susanna The Silver Queen, Susanna Bransford Emery Holmes Delitch Engalitcheff, mines, mining, Silver Queen Ball
A Volunteer Force to be Reckoned With Lauren Miller Park City Fire Chief Jim Berry’s role with the volunteer firefighters, and his experience training the first round of women volunteers in Park City. Fire, firefighting, women firefighters, volunteer force, James “Jim” Berry
Preserving the Kendall Webb Collection Courtney Titus and Lauren Miller The significance of Kendall Webb and his photography collection to the preservation of Park City’s past. Kendall Webb, photography, Silver Queen Ball
Growing Up in Farrell (Sweede) Alley, Part Two Emily Beeson Richard Mon’s childhood in Park City Immigration, China, Main Street, childhood, games, Pearl Harbor
Growing Up in Farrell (Sweede Alley), Part One Emily Beeson Richard Mon’s childhood in Park City Immigration, China, Main Street, Bob’s Cafe, King Far Lo Cafe